Posts tagged ‘IRA’

April 10,

Titanic Sets Sail – IRA Leader Liam Lynch – The Good Friday Agreement

April 10: TODAY in Irish History:

** ** **

RMS Titanic 3.jpg

 

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************
WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

***********************

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1912: Titanic sets Sail

Today, the Titanic sets sail from Southampton. Even on this day there is drama.

At 7.30am Captain Edward J. Smith boards Titanic with full crew. Third class passengers embarked at 9.30, followed by second and first class.  Titanic sets sail from Southampton at noon heading for Cherbourg. Even before she leaves the harbor, there was drama. The swell caused by the giant ship created  a suction that broke the mooring ropes of the City of New York.  A collision was narrowly avoided when Titanic’s captain, Edward Smith, ordered the ship to reverse. Reports suggest that the ships were within 10 feet of each other before matters were brought under control.

.

Titanic_new_york near collision
Titanic (right) after near collision with City of New York

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1923: IRA Leader Liam Lynch Killed

Liam Lynch

Liam Lynch 1893-1923

.

Liam Lynch, commanding officer of the anti-Treaty IRA is killed in a skirmish with Free State troops in County Tipperary. His death marked the effective end of a brutal and divisive civil war. Lynch’s history is a good microcosm of Ireland following the 1916 rising.

During the 1919-21 War of Independence, Lynch was commandant of the Cork No. 2 Brigade of the IRA proving to be an effective guerilla fighter. Following the truce with Britain and the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December which allowed for the partition of Ireland, he sided with the anti-Treaty opposition. Despite a Dail vote, narrowly approving the Treaty, Lynch joined with De Valera in what would ultimately be violent opposition to the Treaty.

The seizure of the Four Courts in Dublin by anti-Treaty supporters (June 1922) and subsequent shelling of the stately building on the orders of Michael Collins, signaled the start of the civil war which pitted friends and family against each other.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1998: Good Friday Agreement

Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and PM Tony Blair following Good Friday Agreement

Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and PM Tony Blair following Good Friday Agreement

One of the most momentous days in twentieth century Irish history occurs when the Good Friday Agreement is signed in Belfast.

It was the most far reaching and bipartisan agreement signed in Northern Ireland’s history. Not surprisingly the Agreement evoked different reactions. Die hards like Ian Paisley described an agreement as “treacherous” in  that it  included plans for a Northern Ireland assembly with power-sharing executive and cross-border institutions involving the Republic of Ireland. The Republic agreed to drop its constitutional claim to the six counties which form Northern Ireland. A particularly contentious element of the agreement was that it allowed for the release of paramilitaries on both sides, some of whom were convicted killers.

.

Documentary on Good Friday Agreement

.

READ: The Good Friday Agreement at Department of Foreign Affairs Ireland.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

March 31,

Sinn Féin Founder Arthur Griffith – Father Ted Comic Actor Dermot Morgan at Today in Irish History

March 31: TODAY in Irish History:

** ** **

arthur griffith

Arthur Griffith

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************
WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

***********************

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1872: Arthur Griffith – Founder  Sinn Féin

Birth of Arthur Griffith in Dublin. Griffith was one of the most important players in Irish Independence. He founded Sinn Féin in 1905 as an Irish nationalist party whose objective was “to establish in Ireland’s capital a national legislature endowed with the moral authority of the Irish nation”.

It was not until after the 1916 Rising that Sinn Féin became a major force in Irish politics winning a landslide majority of Irish seats in the 1918 General Election. Refusing to take their seats in the House of Commons, the party held the first Dail on January 21, 1919, proclaiming itself the rightful parliament of an Irish Republic. During the vicious War of Independence, and in the absence of De Valera in America, Griffith served as Acting President (sometimes while in prison.) Griffith led the Irish truce negotiations in London accompanied by Michael Collins signing the Treaty in December 1921. Acrimonious debates in Dail Eireann led to a walkout by De Valera and anti-Treaty-ites. Griffith died August 1922, while Ireland was embroiled in a civil war over the Treaty.

.

Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith

Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith

.

It was not until after the 1916 Rising that Sinn Féin became a major force in Irish politics winning a landslide majority of Irish seats in the 1918 General Election. Refusing to take their seats in the House of Commons, the party held the first Dail on January 21, 1919, proclaiming itself the rightful parliament of an Irish Republic. During the vicious War of Independence, and in the absence of De Valera in America, Griffith served as Acting President (sometimes while in prison.) Griffith led the Irish truce negotiations in London accompanied by Michael Collins signing the Treaty in December 1921. Acrimonious debates in Dail Eireann led to a walkout by De Valera and anti-Treaty-ites. Griffith died August 1922, while Ireland was embroiled in a civil war over the Treaty.

.

Excellent Pictorial Biography of Arthur Griffith

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1922: The Irish Free State (Agreement) Act 1922

The House of Commons passes the The Irish Free State (Agreement) Act 1922 which ratifies the Treaty signed the previous December giving Ireland partial independence after more than 600 years of English rule.

Section 1(2) provided that for the purposes of giving effect to Article 17 of the Treaty:

  • the British Government could by Orders in Council transfer powers to the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland;
  • the Parliament of Southern Ireland would be dissolved within four months from the passing of the Act; and
  • elections would be held for “the House of the Parliament” to which the Provisional Government would be responsible. The Act did not give a name to that Parliament but said that in matters within the jurisdiction of the Provisional Government (i.e. only certain matters concerning Southern Ireland), it would have power to make laws in like manner as the Parliament of the Irish Free State when constituted.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1952: Comedian Dermot Morgan – Father Ted

Comedian and actor Dermot Morgan (d. 1988) is born in Dublin. Morgan slowly but surely built a very successful career in Ireland before making it big in the UK playing Father Ted in the eponymous series.

Dermot Morgan as the impish Father Ted

Morgan slowly but surely built a very successful career in Ireland before making it big in the UK playing Father Ted in the eponymous madcap series.

Morgan was a gifted comedy writer and satirist who consistently poked fun at Irish society and in particular what turned out to be the corrupt political machinations of Taoiseach Charles Haughey.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,153 other followers