Archive for March, 2013

March 27,

Frederick Douglass on Irish Poverty – The Molly Maguires – U2 at Today in Irish History

March 27: TODAY in Irish History:

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Frederick Douglass - circa visit to Ireland

Frederick Douglass around time he visited Ireland

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1650: Cromwell Takes Kilkenny

The Siege of Kilkenny ends with the city and residents surrendering to Oliver Cromwell. In an unusual act of generosity and civility by one of the most hated men in Irish history, Sir Walter Butler and the garrison were allowed to leave the city still bearing their weapons. Following the siege of Drogheda the previous September, Cromwell’s forces massacred soldiers and civilians after their surrender.

The Lord Protector of Ireland! Oliver Cromwell

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READ: More about The Siege of Kilkenny

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Oliver Cromwell in Ireland

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1839: New Zealand’s Irish-born Prime Minister

John Ballance is born in County Antrim. Between 1890-93, he would serve as the 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand.

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1846: Frederick Douglas Writes About Irish Poverty

Frederick Douglass - circa visit to Ireland

Frederick Douglass – circa his visit to Ireland

In a letter to his mentor William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass writes about the poverty and famine he sees in Ireland:

“The limits of a single letter are insufficient to allow any thing like a faithful description of those painful exhibitions of human misery, which meet the eye of a stranger almost at every step. I spent nearly six weeks in Dublin, and the scenes I there witnessed were such as to make me “blush, and hang my head to think myself a man.” I speak truly when I say, I dreaded to go out of the house. The streets were almost literally alive with beggars, displaying the greatest wretchedness—some of them mere stumps of men, without feet, without legs, without hands, without arms—and others still more horribly deformed, with crooked limbs, down upon their hands and knees, their feet lapped around each other, and laid upon their backs, pressing their way through the muddy streets and merciless crowd, casting sad looks to the right and left, in the hope of catching the eye of a passing stranger—the citizens generally having set their faces against giving to beggars.”

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland

Douglass Mural Belfast where he spent some time on his Irish visit

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1876:The Molly Maguires

The murder trial of Edward Kelly, a member of the militant Irish labor group The Molly Maguires begins in Pennsylvania. In total, twenty member of the group were found guilty of murder and executed. While the Molly’s were responsible for a large number of violent incidents, a number of those executed were likely innocent. The Dubliners were responsible for reminding us of this group with a stirring rendition of The Molly Maguires a song composed by Phil Coulter and Bill Martin

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1987: u2 – Where the Streets Have No Name

U2 record the video for Where the Streets Have No Name on the rooftop of the Republic Liquor Store in Los Angeles. The video shows police advising U2 crew that they will shut down the performance due to crowd safety. While this apparently is actual footage, U2 manager Paul McGuinness later stated this was what U2 were hoping for to garner publicity. The soundtrack for this superb video is the studio recorded version of the song.

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

March 26,

Ian Paisley / Gerry Adams Agree Devolved Government – Sir Horace Plunkett at Today in Irish History

March 26: TODAY in Irish History:

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Ian Paisley and Gerry Adams
Ian Paisley and Gerry Adams March 26 2007

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1922: At least 8 people die in Belfast in confrontations involving IRA/RIC/Army.

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1922: Civil War Looms

Further movement to Civil War. An IRA convention is held in the Mansion House in defiance of a March 15 Dail Eireann decree. Rory O’Connor days earlier had indicated open defiance against President Arthur Griffith. At this convention the convention passed a resolution saying that the IRA “shall be maintained as the Army of the Irish Republic under an Executive appointed by the Convention”. An Executive of 16 members was elected headed by Liam Lynch and including Rory O’Connor, Liam Mellows and Ernie O’Malley. Ireland was moving to a horribly divisive civil war between compatriots and friends who had fought the British for many years.

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1932: Death of Sir Horace Plunkett

horace plunkett cooperative movent
Sir Horace Plunkett 1854-1932

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Plunkett was an agrarian reformer, a founder of the Irish Cooperative movement and a leading light in encouraging better farm and agricultural practices., both in Ireland and internationally.

His efforts gained the attention of President Teddy Roosevelt who in his last public letter as President of the United States gave thanks to Plunkett for his great services to the organization of agriculture in the United States. Roosevelt, credits Sir. Horace Plunkett with helping formulate agricultural policy in the USA.  Roosevelt adopted Plunkett’s slogan of “Better farming, better business, better living” for his conservation and agricultural policy.

“My Dear Sir Horace,

I wish you were an American and either in the Senate or my Cabinet! You take an interest in exactly the problems which I regard as vital, and you approach them in what seems to me to be the only sane and healthy way.”

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READ: Bio of Sir Horace Plunkett

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1963: Basil Brooke resigns as Prime  Minister of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Basil Brooke

Basil Brooke resigns as Prime  Minister of Northern Ireland after being in office for twenty years. Brooke was an ardent Unionist who made little effort to bridge the gap between the Catholic and Protestant communities. He would be succeeded by Terence O’Neill.

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2007: Paisley and Adams Agree Devolved Government

Ian Paisley and Gerry Adams

Ian Paisley and Gerry Adams

In a scenario that few would have envisaged Unionist leader Ian Paisley and Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams sign an historic agreement to ensure devolved government returns to Northern Ireland. Bitter enemies for decades, neither would have shed any tears had the other been killed in the conflict that had roiled Northern Ireland since the late 60s. Ten years previously, Paisley said of Sinn Fein, “They cannot expect unionists and democrats to share power with them. They are a terrorist organisation.”

The deal was brokered by Prime Minister Tony Blair who said “This is a very important day for the people of Northern Ireland, but also for the people and the history of these islands. In a sense, everything we have done over the last ten years has been a preparation for this moment, because the people of Northern Ireland have spoken through the election. They have said, ‘We want peace and powersharing’, and the political leadership has then come in behind that and said, ‘We will deliver what people want’.”

Press Coverage on the Historic Agreement

BBC

The Guardian

New York Times

IAN PAISLEY ON FAILED ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT ON GERRY ADAMS 1984

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)