Posts tagged ‘the troubles’

November 4,

Death of Democrat Al Smith – Judith Ward IRA Coach Bomb Conviction.

November 4: TODAY in Irish History:

** ** **

catholic democrat candidate al smith

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

.

** ** **

.

1944: Death of Al Smith

catholic democrat candidate al smith
Al Smith 1873-1944

.

In 1928, Alfred Emanuel “Al” Smith was the first Catholic to represent any of the major political parties in a presidential election. Smith’s grandmother hailed from County Westmeath. Smith grew up on the Lower East Side of Manhattan in a melting pot that included Irish, Germans, French, Polish, Italian emigrants. Smith was known as a “man of the people” and is memorialized as such by The Alfred E Smith Foundation, founded by Francis Cardinal Spellman. Today it is a significant fund raiser for charity. Each election year, presidential candidates are expected to attend, make witty remarks and profound commentary about Smith. In 2008, then candidate Obama spoke eloquently of a man who  a man who fought for many years to give Americans nothing more than fair shake and a chance to succeed. He touched the lives of millions as a result.”
.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1974: IRA Coach Bomb Conviction.

Judith Ward is wrongly convicted for the 1972 IRA coach bombing on the M62 which killd 12 soldiers and family members. The English born Ward had spent some years in Ireland. The mentally undwell Ward was convicted on the basis of a rambling confession (which police tailored to fit the facts) and faulty forensic evidence. In The Provisional Ira in England: The Bombing Campaign 1973-1997, author Gary McGladdery quotes the IRA as stating Ward “was not used in any capacity by the organisation. She had nothing to do what-so-ever with the military coach bomb (on 4 February 1974), the bombing of Euston Station and the attack on Latimer Military College. Those acts were authorised operations carried out by units of the Irish Republican Army.”

Seventeen years later, she would be exonerated. Other IRA atrocities which saw wrongful convictions included the Guildford FourBirmingham Six and the Maguire Seven.

.

Judith ward wrongfully convicted of M62 bombing
Judith Ward celebrating her release

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

Advertisements
August 11,

Dan Breen – IRA Fighter – Ballymurphy Massacre – Eamonn De Valera 1927 – First Catholic Bishop of Adelaide on this day in Irish History

August 11: TODAY in Irish History:

** ** **

Dan Breen Wanted Poster IRA

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1817: The First Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide Australia

Christopher Augustine Reynolds is born in Dublin. Reynolds was the first Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide Australia (1873-1877)

Archbishop Christopher Augistine Reynolds 1815-1907 at today in Irish history Christopher Augustine Reynolds (1834-1893), by unknown photographer
Archbishop Christopher Augistine Reynolds      1815-1907

.

READ DETAILD BIO of Archbishop Reynolds.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1894: Dan Breen

 One of the most famous fighters in the fight for Irish freedom,  Dan Breen is born in Co. Tipperary. He was an iconic IRA figure in both the War of Independence and also the Civil War.
.
Dan Breen Wanted Poster IRA
.

Breen was involved in what is accepted as the first action of the War of Independence 1919-1921 when with Sean Treacy and others, he ambushed and killed two RIC (Royal Irish Constabulary) constables James McDonnell and Patrick O’Connell, both of them Catholic and reputedly popular in the community in what has become known as the Soloheadbeg Ambush (Co. Tipperary.)

In his memoir, My Fight for Irish Freedom Breen outlines what happened at the ambush:

‘Hands up!’ The cry came from our men who spoke as if with one voice. ‘Hands up!’ In answer to our challenge they raised their rifles, and with military precision held them at the ready. They were Irishmen, too, and would die rather than surrender. We renewed the demand for surrender. We would have preferred to avoid bloodshed; but they were inflexible. Further appeal was useless. It was a matter of our lives or theirs. We took aim. The two policemen fell, mortally wounded.”

The action was unauthorized by Irish leadership, but shortly after all, British armed forces and policemen were deemed legitimate targets.

The British government offered a reward £1,oo0 for Breen and later raised it to  £1o,o00. Breen writes “Nobody ever tried to earn it with the exception of a few members of the RIC. They failed; many of them never made the second attempt.”

Breen was seriously wounded on a number of occasions during the conflict. Following the Irish Civil War where he fought  on the Anti-Treaty side, he was elected to Dail Eireann in Jan 1927, lost his seat later that year, but went on to represent Tipperary from 1932 through 1965.

READ EXCERPT from My Fight for Irish Freedom is an interesting memoir about the escapades of a man who like many of his compatriots could often be chillingly brutal in a brutal war. The following interview shows the mindset of the IRA during the War of Independence.

.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1927: General Election – Fianna Fail Wins 44 Seats 

In the General Election, Eamonn De Valera’s Fianna Fail party wins 44 seats. Despite originally stating they would not enter Dail Eireann and take the Oath of Allegiance to the King, Dev reversed policy, declared the oath was an empty formula and proceeded to take their seats in the Irish parliament.

The “brilliant, austere De Valera” as JFK described him was on his way to dominating Irish political life.

Eamonn De Valera
Eamonn De Valera

Five years later, Fianna Fail would win election and De Valera would become Taoiseach (PM).

SELECTION OF EXCELLECT PICs of Dev

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

1971:  BallyMurphy Massacre: Two days after the introduction of internment without trial in Northern Ireland, 11 people have been killed by British paratroopers in the Nationalist Ballymurphy area of Belfast. Community activists who are still trying to get a neutral inquiry into those terrible two days claim all 11 killed were innocent civilians. To those not involved at the time, that claim may seem ludicrous, but those killed include a Catholic priest Father Hugh Mullan who was helping a wounded parishioner and a mother of eight who was involved in a similar exercise. Almost certainly, the most aggressive activity (if any) of those killed would have been stone-throwing and goading of the British soldiers.

Trying to make sense of what happened is impossible but SEE:

OFFICIAL SITE of Family Members

Paratrooper Account

Guardian Newspaper Article

Internment was a disaster for the people of Northern Ireland no matter what side of the divide. Within six months, approximately 1,600 of those who had been unceremoniously arrested were released without charge, but, internment, Ballymurphy and the events of Bloody Sunday some months later encouraged many young men to join the IRA which itself was involved in numerous atrocities including Bloody Friday. On the other side of the divide, Loyalists perpetrated massacres like the McGurk Pub bombing which killed 15 Catholics.

The madness would continue for more than twenty more years.

.

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

.

WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)