Posts tagged ‘irish war of independence’

September 20,

Robert Emmet Execution – Irish Confederates at Chicagmauga – Kevin Barry

September 20: TODAY in Irish History:

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Irish rebel Robert Emmet

Robert Emmet

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1803: Execution of Robert Emmet

Robert Emmet is executed (hanged, drawn and quartered) for high treason.

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Irish rebel Robert Emmet
Robert Emmet 1778-1803

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Emmet had been captured in Dublin on August 25th following a hopelessly unsuccessful attempt at insurrection

In one sense, Emmet’s rebellion deserves little more than a footnote in history. The rebellion itself was more a riot than a full scale insurrection, but it garnered major publicity when the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland was killed in the affray.

Robert Emmet’s place in history is primarily due to his powerful speech from the dock where he said:

“Let no man write my epitaph; for as no man who knows my motives dare now vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance, asperse them. Let them and me rest in obscurity and peace, and my tomb remain uninscribed, and my memory in oblivion, until other times and other men can do justice to my character. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then and not till then, let my epitaph be written. I have done.”

Emmet’s burial place is unknown.

READ: Full Text of Robert Emmet’s Speech from the Dock.

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1863: The Irish Confederates at Chicamauga

1863: The 5th Confederate Infantry consisting of a large number of Irish from Memphis fight in one of the bloodiest battles of the war, at Chickamauga. One of the commanders was Cork born Patrick Cleburne whom historians universally recognize as one of the most capable officers on either side during the awful conflict, although Chicamauga, might not have been his finest hour as this Master’s thesis by Major Joseph M Lance on Cleburne at Chicamauga suggests. Cleburne was known as the “Stonewall of the West.” He was one of six Confederate Generals to die at the slaughter at Franklin.

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Image from Harper’s Weekly of the Battle of Chicamauga

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READ: Memphis Irish at Chicamauga

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1920: Capture of Kevin Barry

Eighteen year old medical student Kevin Barry is captured following an ambush on British troops in Dublin in which one soldier is killed. On November 1, 1920, he would become the first Irish rebel to be executed by Britain since the 1916 executions, thus cementing his place in history.

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Kevin Barry Irish Rebel
Kevin Barry 1902-1920. Here in Belveder College Rugby shirt

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Undoubtedly a brave young man, he is often seen through heroic rose tinted glasses as for instance in this Wikipedia reference. “On the morning of 20 September 1920, Kevin Barry went to Mass, and received Holy Communion; he then joined a party of IRA volunteers on Bolton Street in Dublin. Their orders were to ambush a British army truck as it picked up a delivery of bread from the bakery, and capture their weapons. The ambush was scheduled for 11:00 A.M., which gave him enough time to take part in the operation and return to class in time for an examination he had at 2:00 P.M.”

Barry is also commemorated in an eponymously titled song that every Irish school boy had drilled into him by the Christian Brothers. The song has been covered by numerous Irish bands including Wolfe Tones and the Dubliners.

This version by  Leonard Cohen lacks the passion of an Irish band, but in its own way is a soulful rendition by a man who can sing about pain and despair as well as any Irishman

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Leonard Cohen sings Kevin Barry

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READ: Detailed Profile of Kevin Barry

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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August 24,

De Valera’s Superb Response to Lloyd George – United Irishman Napper Tandy

August 24: TODAY in Irish History:

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Eamon_de_Valera

Eamon de Valera

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1803: Death of Irish revolutionary and United Irishman advocate Napper Tandy (b.1740).

Tandy joined with a French contigent in a half baked effort to invade Ireland in 1798. The ragged group landed off the coast of Donegal for a short period before departing for Norway. Attempting to get back to France, he was arrested at Hamburg and ultimately delivered to the British authorities. He was tried in Dublin for complicity in the Insurrection of 1798, but was acquitted on a point of law. He was then sent to Lifford, and on 7th April 1801 was arraigned for his part in the attempted invasion. He pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to death. His life was saved through the intercession of Lord Cornwallis who said  “considering the incapacity of this old man to do further mischief, the mode by which he came into our hands, his long subsequent confinement, and, lastly, the streams of blood which have flowed in this island for these last three years.”

His life was spared and he was forced into exile to France where he died in Bordeaux.

Tandy is a relatively minor figure in Irish politics, but his name lives on in Irish folklore mainly thanks to being mentioned in the song The Wearing of the Green.

O Paddy dear, and did ye hear the news that’s goin’ round?

The shamrock is by law forbid to grow on Irish ground!

No more Saint Patrick’s Day we’ll keep, his color can’t be seen

For there’s a cruel law ag’in the Wearin’ o’ the Green.”

I met with Napper Tandy, and he took me by the hand

And he said, “How’s poor old Ireland, and how does she stand?”

“She’s the most distressful country that ever yet was seen

For they’re hanging men and women there for the Wearin’ o’ the Green.”.

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JOHN MCCORMACK singing THE WEARING OF THE GREEN

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1921: De Valera Responds to Lloyd George

Ongoing correspondence between Lloyd George and Eamonn De Valera to bring a halt to the War of Independence sees De Valera write a powerful response to Lloyd George. The official letter was dictated and sent in Irish. The following is the official translation at www.difp.ie

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Eamonn De Valera entering Downing Street

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Sir,

The anticipatory judgement I gave in my reply of August 10th has been confirmed.2 I laid the proposals of your Government before Dáil Eireann, and, by an unanimous vote, it has rejected them.3

From your letter of August 13th it was clear that the principle we were asked to accept was that the ‘geographical propinquity’ of Ireland to Britain imposed the condition of subordination of Ireland’s right to Britain’s strategic interests as she conceives them, and that the very length and persistence of the efforts made in the past to compel Ireland’s acquiescence in a foreign domination imposed the condition of acceptance of that domination now.

I cannot believe that your Government intend to commit itself to a principle of sheer militarism destructive of international morality and fatal to the world’s peace. If a small nation’s right to independence is forfeit when a more powerful neighbour covets its territory for the military or other advantages it is supposed to confer, there is an end to liberty. No longer can any small nation claim a right to a separate sovereign existence. Holland and Denmark can be made subservient to Germany, Belgium to Germany or to France, Portugal to Spain. If nations that have been forcibly annexed to empires lose thereby their title to independence, there can be for them no rebirth to freedom. In Ireland’s case, to speak of her seceding from a partnership she has not accepted, or from allegiance which she has not undertaken to render, is fundamentally false, just as the claim to subordinate her independence to British strategy is fundamentally unjust. To neither can we, as the representatives of the Nation, lend countenance.

If our refusal to betray our nation’s honour and the trust that has been reposed in us is to be made an issue of war by Great Britain, we regret it. We are as conscious of our responsibilities to the living as we are mindful of principle or of our obligations to the heroic dead. We have not sought war, nor do we seek war, but if war be made upon us we must defend ourselves and shall do so, confident that whether our defence be successful or unsuccessful no body or representative Irishmen or Irishwomen will ever propose to the nation the surrender of its birthright.

We long to end the conflict between Britain and Ireland. If your Government be determined to impose its will upon us by force and, antecedent to negotiation, to insist upon conditions that involve a surrender of our whole national position and make negotiation a mockery, the responsibility for the continuance of the conflict rests upon you.

On the basis of the broad guiding principle of government by the consent of the governed, peace can be secured,  a peace that will be just and honourable to all, and fruitful of concord and enduring amity. To negotiate such a peace, Dáil Eireann is ready to appoint its representatives, and, if your Government accepts the principle proposed, to invest them with plenary powers to meet and arrange with you for its application in detail.

I am, Sir,

Faithfully yours,

Eamon de Valera

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)