Posts tagged ‘1916’

September 20,

Robert Emmet Execution – Irish Confederates at Chicagmauga – Kevin Barry

September 20: TODAY in Irish History:

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Irish rebel Robert Emmet

Robert Emmet

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1803: Execution of Robert Emmet

Robert Emmet is executed (hanged, drawn and quartered) for high treason.

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Irish rebel Robert Emmet
Robert Emmet 1778-1803

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Emmet had been captured in Dublin on August 25th following a hopelessly unsuccessful attempt at insurrection

In one sense, Emmet’s rebellion deserves little more than a footnote in history. The rebellion itself was more a riot than a full scale insurrection, but it garnered major publicity when the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland was killed in the affray.

Robert Emmet’s place in history is primarily due to his powerful speech from the dock where he said:

“Let no man write my epitaph; for as no man who knows my motives dare now vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance, asperse them. Let them and me rest in obscurity and peace, and my tomb remain uninscribed, and my memory in oblivion, until other times and other men can do justice to my character. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then and not till then, let my epitaph be written. I have done.”

Emmet’s burial place is unknown.

READ: Full Text of Robert Emmet’s Speech from the Dock.

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1863: The Irish Confederates at Chicamauga

1863: The 5th Confederate Infantry consisting of a large number of Irish from Memphis fight in one of the bloodiest battles of the war, at Chickamauga. One of the commanders was Cork born Patrick Cleburne whom historians universally recognize as one of the most capable officers on either side during the awful conflict, although Chicamauga, might not have been his finest hour as this Master’s thesis by Major Joseph M Lance on Cleburne at Chicamauga suggests. Cleburne was known as the “Stonewall of the West.” He was one of six Confederate Generals to die at the slaughter at Franklin.

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Image from Harper’s Weekly of the Battle of Chicamauga

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READ: Memphis Irish at Chicamauga

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1920: Capture of Kevin Barry

Eighteen year old medical student Kevin Barry is captured following an ambush on British troops in Dublin in which one soldier is killed. On November 1, 1920, he would become the first Irish rebel to be executed by Britain since the 1916 executions, thus cementing his place in history.

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Kevin Barry Irish Rebel
Kevin Barry 1902-1920. Here in Belveder College Rugby shirt

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Undoubtedly a brave young man, he is often seen through heroic rose tinted glasses as for instance in this Wikipedia reference. “On the morning of 20 September 1920, Kevin Barry went to Mass, and received Holy Communion; he then joined a party of IRA volunteers on Bolton Street in Dublin. Their orders were to ambush a British army truck as it picked up a delivery of bread from the bakery, and capture their weapons. The ambush was scheduled for 11:00 A.M., which gave him enough time to take part in the operation and return to class in time for an examination he had at 2:00 P.M.”

Barry is also commemorated in an eponymously titled song that every Irish school boy had drilled into him by the Christian Brothers. The song has been covered by numerous Irish bands including Wolfe Tones and the Dubliners.

This version by  Leonard Cohen lacks the passion of an Irish band, but in its own way is a soulful rendition by a man who can sing about pain and despair as well as any Irishman

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Leonard Cohen sings Kevin Barry

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READ: Detailed Profile of Kevin Barry

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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September 13,

Wexford Born Commodore John Barry – The Founder of the American Navy

September 13: TODAY in Irish History:

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Commodore John Barry wexford born

Commodore John Barry wexford born

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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The Father of the US Navy – John Barry

1803: John Barry, credited as “The Founder of the American Navy” dies. Barry was born in Tacumshane, Co Wexford March 25, 1745 to a poor tenant farming family who were at one stage evicted for inablity to pay rent. (A not uncommon occurrence in those days.) At about age 15, he emigrated to the United States.

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Commodore John Barry wexford born
Wexford born Commodore John Barry

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Barry was an exceptional sailor and military tactician. Over his 17 year service in the Navy, he was involved in numerous battles with English forces both on land and sea. In 1794 he was appointed the senior Captain of the newly established United States Navy.

READ: Biography of Commodore John Barry

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1833: James Quinlan – Medal of Honor Winner

Medal of Honor winner James Quinlan from County Tipperary
Medal of Honor winner James Quinlan from County Tipperary

James J. Quinlan (September 13, 1833 – August 29, 1906) was a Union Army officer during the American Civil War and a recipient of America’s highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Savage’s Station. His citations states he “led his regiment on the enemy’s battery, silenced the guns, held the position against overwhelming numbers, and covered the retreat of the Second Army Corps.”

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1868: The Date John F Kennedy Got Wrong.

This is an incident that DID NOT happen today in Irish history although JFK when speaking to Dail Eireann, June 28 1963 about the Irish Brigade might have led you to believe otherwise.

The dates Kennedy should have referenced re The Irish Brigade at the slaughter of Fredericksburg should have been the 13th day of December and not 13th September. He also got his geography mixed up. Fredericksburg where the battle took place is in Virginia and not Maryland!!

A surprising goof by his masterful speech writer Ted Sorensen. To be fair, Kennedy had just given his famous Ich Bin Ein Berliner speech at Berlin which probably consumed more of his and Sorensen’s thinking than a relatively light-hearted, inspirational address to the Irish parliament.

“The 13th day of September, 1862, will be a day long remembered in American history. At Fredericksburg, Maryland, thousands of men fought and died on one of the bloodiest battlefields of the American Civil War. One of the most brilliant stories of that day was written by a band of 1200 men who went into battle wearing a green sprig in their hats. They bore a proud heritage and a special courage, given to those who had long fought for the cause of freedom. I am referring, of course, to the Irish Brigade. General Robert E. Lee, the great military leader of the Southern Confederate Forces, said of this group of men after the battle, “The gallant stand which this bold brigade made on the heights of Fredericksburg is well known. Never were men so brave. They ennobled their race by their splendid gallantry on that desperate occasion. Their brilliant though hopeless assaults on our lines excited the hearty applause of our officers and soldiers.”

Of the 1200 men who took part in that assault, 280 survived the battle. The Irish Brigade was led into battle on that occasion by Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Meagher, who had participated in the unsuccessful Irish uprising of 1848, was captured by the British and sent in a prison ship to Australia from whence he finally came to America. In the fall of 1862, after serving with distinction and gallantry in some of the toughest fighting of this most bloody struggle, the Irish Brigade was presented with a new set of flags. In the city ceremony, the city chamberlain gave them the motto, “The Union, our Country, and Ireland forever.” Their old ones having been torn to shreds in previous battles, Capt. Richard McGee took possession of these flags on December 2d in New York City and arrived with them at the Battle of Fredericksburg and carried them in the battle. Today, in recognition of what these gallant Irishmen and what millions of other Irish have done for my country, and through the generosity of the “Fighting 69th,” I would like to present one of these flags to the people of Ireland.”

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1914: Roger Casement

Roger Casement meets in Washington DC with Franz von Papen, the German military attaché to secure German support to overthrow British rule in Ireland. As The 1916 Rising was unfolding Casement was captured by English troops in Ireland. He was later executed for high treason.

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Sir Roger Casement
Roger Casement after his conviction

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1917: Irish Victoria Cross Winner

Twenty-two year old John Moyney from Rathdowney Co. Laois is involved in an action that wins him the Victoria Cross. His citation reads:

“On 13 September 1917 north of Broembeek, Belgium, Lance-Sergeant Moyney was in command of 15 men forming two advanced posts. Surrounded by the enemy he held his post for 96 hours, having no water and very little food. On the fifth day, on the enemy advancing to dislodge him, he attacked them with bombs, while also using his Lewis gun with great effect. Finding himself surrounded, he led his men in a charge through the enemy and reached a stream, where he and a private (Thomas Woodcock) covered his party while they crossed unscathed, before crossing themselves under a shower of bullets.”

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john moyney Irish VC winner
John Moyney Irish VC winner

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John Moyney survived the war and died in Roscrea, Co. Tipperary in 1980, aged 85.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)