Posts tagged ‘Irish american presidents’

October 22,

Kennedy Announces Cuba Crisis – Loyalist Leader Edward Carson – Today in Irish History

October 22: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1920: Toureen Ambush

In one of the first major engagements of the Irish War of Independence in the Cork area, about thirty members of the IRA West Cork Brigade ambush a British patrol. Five soldiers from the Essex Regiment of the British Army are killed. No IRA men were harmed.

The attack prompted the following exchange in the House of Commons the following week:

Mr. PENNEFATHER:   asked the Chief Secretary for Ireland what steps have 1956W been taken, or will be taken, to increase the number of armoured cars for the use of the military in Ireland, and to equip them with quick-firing guns in order to prevent, as far as possible, repetitions of what happened to soldiers of the Essex Regiment on Friday last?

Mr. CHURCHILL:   My right hon. Friend has asked me to reply. The question of the provision of armoured cars for use in Ireland is very seriously engaging the attention of the military authorities. Large numbers, armed with machine guns, are already in Ireland, and steps are being taken to effect a considerable increase in these numbers.

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1935: Death of Edward Carson

unionist edward carson
Edward Carson 1854-1935

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Dublin born Edward Carson was one of the giants of Ulster Unionism and a man who could be called the Father of Northern Ireland. Early in life, Carson was a very successful lawyer, At age thirty-five (1889), he became the youngest Queen’s Counsel in Ireland where he often represented landlords in their actions against non-rent paying tenants. In his most famous case, he represented the Marquess of Queensbury in his action against Oscar Wilde. Wilde is reported to have said “No doubt he will perform his task with the added bitterness of an old-friend.” Irrespective of emotion, Carson’s advocacy resulted in the (self-imposed) ruin of the great Irish wit who was prosecuted for perjury following the Queensbury trial.

Carson was not anti-Catholic, (he supported demands for a Catholic university) but he was totally opposed to Home Rule. He was a founding member of the Ulster Unionist party in 1905 and the para-military Ulster Volunteer Force in 1912. As with much of Ulster Unionism, Carson was a strong advocate of English law, until it impacted the union between Ireland and England. Carson was the first signatory of the Ulster Covenant in 1912, agreeing to use “all means necessary” to resist Home Rule.

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Ulster Covenant Edward Carson
Carson signing the Ulster Covenant

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A popular ditty of the time went:

“Sir Edward Carson had a cat,

It sat upon the fender

And every time it caught a rat,

It shouted, ‘No Surrender!’”

However as Home Rule became more and more inevitable, Carson accepted that a form of partition would be a solution. During the war, he served at various times as government as Attorney General, First Lord of the Admiralty and in the War Cabinet.

Following partition, he effectively returned to a legal life, but urged his Unionist colleagues to maintain equality for Northern Irish Catholics (something they totally ignored). “We used to say that we could not trust an Irish parliament in Dublin to do justice to the Protestant minority. Let us take care that that reproach can no longer be made against your parliament, and from the outset let them see that the Catholic minority have nothing to fear from a Protestant majority.”

READ: Bio of Edward Carson

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1962: JFK announces Cuba Blockade

Six days previously, national security advisor McGeorge Bundy had advised Kennedy that the Russians were building a missile base in Cuba and that”onstruction has begun on at least a half-dozen launching sites for intermediate range tactical missiles.”

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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June 28,

Kennedy Goofs in Speech to Dail Eireann – John Boyle O’Reilly – Irish Civil War

June 28: TODAY in Irish History:

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JFK image in For the Love of Being Irish

Image of JFK in For the Love of Being Irish: An A-Z of Ireland. 

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1844: John Boyle O’Reilly

John Boyle O'Reilly 1844-1890

John Boyle O’Reilly 1844-1890

Irish poet, writer and nationalist John Boyle O’Reilly is born in County Meath. O’Reilly was transported to Australia in 1868 for his Fenian activities, but escaped to America after two years where he ultimately became an American citizen. President Kennedy allegedly was an admirer of O’Reilly’s work and quoted him when speaking to DAil Eireann in 1963 stating:

“The world is large,” wrote John Boyle O’Reilly.

“The world is large when its weary
leagues two loving hearts divide,
“But the world is small when your enemy
is loose on the other side.”

For further details on this speech, see JFK in Ireland below. More on John Boyle O’Reilly.

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1921: De Valera Responds to Lloyd George

  Eamonn De Valera responds to Prime Minister Lloyd George’s request for a meeting to solve the Irish crisis and stop bloodshed between Irish freedom fighters and British.

Letter from Eamonn De Valera to David Lloyd George.

Sir,

I have received your letter. I am in consultation with such of the principal representatives of our nation as are available. We most earnestly desire to help in bringing about a lasting peace between the peoples of these two islands, but see no avenue by which it can be reached if you deny Ireland’s essential unity and set aside the principle of national self-determination.

Before replying more fully to your letter, I am seeking a conference with certain representatives of the political minority in this country.

Eamon de Valera

On July 8th, De Valera would indicate a willingness to negotiate. Negotiations would commence later in the year and culminate with the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty December 6th 1921.

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1922: Four Courts Bombardment – Civil War Starts

Michael Collins orders Irish Free State forces to bombard the Four Courts in Dublin which has been in Anti-Treaty hands since April. It signals the start of a vicious civil war where former colleagues who fought against the British are now fighting each other. In one of the many tragic ironies of Irish history, the government forces borrowed artillery from British forces waiting to leave Ireland.

Bombardment of Four Courts 1922
Michael Collins ordered Four Courts bombardment

Image of Michael Collins in For the Love of Being Irish. Buy author signed copies HERE.

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1963: Day 3 of President Kennedy’s Irish visit

JFK image in For the Love of Being Irish

Image of JFK in For the Love of Being Irish: An A-Z of Ireland. 

Kennedy makes a surprising goof when speaking to a packed Dail Eireann about one of the most momentous days for the Fighting Irish Brigade during the American Civil War. Somehow, Kennedy got his dates and geography mixed up when he said

“The 13th day of September, 1862, will be a day long remembered in American history. At Fredericksburg, Maryland, thousands of men fought and died on one of the bloodiest battlefields of the American Civil War.”

The date of the Battle of Fredericksburg where so many Irish were slaughtered was December 13 and NOT September 13 as Kennedy states. Also, Fredericksburg is in Virginia and not Maryland. Kennedy was accompanied on this European trip which included the famous Ich bin Ein Berliner speech by his counselor  and speech writer Ted Sorensen, a master wordsmith and fastidious researcher who seems to have erred in the writing of the speech. It is unlikely that Kennedy mispronounced “December” as the transcript of the speech at the JFK Library includes the incorrect dates. It can be safely assumed that no one in Dail Eireann was aware of Kennedy’s error.

But the speech was uplifting and motivating to an Irish nation that was still young. Kennedy said

“This has never been a rich or powerful country, and yet, since earliest times, its influence on the world has been rich and powerful. No larger nation did more to keep Christianity and Western culture alive in their darkest centuries. No larger nation did more to spark the cause of independence in America, indeed, around the world. And no larger nation has ever provided the world with more literary and artistic genius.

This is an extraordinary country. George Bernard Shaw, speaking as an Irishman, summed up an approach to life: Other people, he said “see things and . . . say ‘Why?’ . . . But I dream things that never were– and I say: ‘Why not?'” ”

For Full Text of JFK’s speech to Dail Eireann

Earlier that day, Kennedy visited Cork City where he was again greeted like a rock star.

JFK in Cork
Kennedy in Patrick Street Cork June 28, 1963

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Kennedy in Ireland: Day I

Kennedy in Ireland: Day II

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)