Archive for December, 2013

December 29,

President Andrew Johnson – Confederate Irish Chaplain – Irish Constitution 1937 at Today in Irish History

December 29: TODAY in Irish History:

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President Andrew Johnson

President Andrew Johnson 1808-1875

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1808: President Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson, successor to Abraham Lincoln and 17th President of the United States is born in abject poverty in Tennessee. Johnson’s grandfather hailed from County Antrim. Johnson was an interesting, pugnacious character who did not suffer fools gladly.  He also had a fondness for alcohol. An article on him at Senate.gov reports he was drunk during his inauguration as Vice-President on the day Lincoln took office for the second time. Senator Zachariah Chandler wrote his wife that the inauguration of 1865 “went off very well except that the Vice President Elect was too drunk to perform his duties & disgraced himself & the Senate by making a drunken foolish speech.”

“After (former VP) Hamlin delivered a brief and stately valedictory, Johnson rose unsteadily to harangue the distinguished crowd about his humble origins and his triumph over the rebel aristocracy. In the shocked and silent audience, President Abraham Lincoln showed an expression of “unutterable sorrow.” Johnson was apparently so  drunk he could not swear in incoming Senators.”

Despite this performance, Johnson was not afraid to take on the might and patronage of his Republican Party which took umbrage when he fired Stanton. He was the first President of the United States to be impeached (in 1868) because he sacked Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. Johnson was acquitted by the Senate, falling one vote short of the necessary 2/3 needed to remove him from office, voting 35-19 to remove him. He is the only President to win election to the Senate after his stint in the White House.

President Andrew Johnson
President Andrew Johnson 1808-1875

See IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF ANDREW JOHNSON

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1829: Confederate Chaplain John B. Bannon

Confederate chaplain and sometime diplomat John B. Bannon is born in Roosky, Co. Roscommon. Shortly after being ordained at Maynooth in 1853, he emigrated like so many of his parishioners and settled in St. Louis. For much of the war, he was chaplain to the First Missouri Confederate Brigade.

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Irish born Confederate Chaplain John B Bannon
Father John Bannon

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Bannon was captured and released twice before being asked by Confederate President Jefferson Davis to conduct a diplomatic mission to the Vatican to persuade Pope Pius IX to recognize the Confederacy. Following his (failed) Vatican mission, he returned to Ireland where he discouraged Irish support for the Union and in particular warned of what was effectively press-ganging of Irish (and other) immigrants by Union forces as soon as they came off the boat. One scam involved encouraging immigrants to declare US citizenship as soon as they landed. Once that declaration was made, the poor unfortunate was immediately conscripted as a US citizen.

Bannon never returned to America and became a Jesuit priest, dying in 1913.

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READ: Fascinating excerpt from Phillip Thomas Tucker’s The Confederacy’s Fighting Chaplain: Father John B. Bannon.

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1937: Irish Constitution Comes Into Effect

The Irish Constitution, accepted by national vote in July becomes law midnight. The constitution echoed much of the thinking of Eamonn De Valera. Much of the development and drafting of the constitution was done by John J. Hearne, Eamon de Valera’s confidante and advisor. Hearne went on to become first Irish ambassador to the United States in 1950.

Plaque to John J Hearne in his home town of Waterford
Plaque to John J Hearne in his home town of Waterford

Article 1 reads: The Irish nation hereby affirms its inalienable, indefeasible, and sovereign right to choose its own form of Government, to determine its relations with other nations, and to develop its life, political, economic and cultural, in accordance with its own genius and traditions.

Article 4 states: The name of the State is Éire, or, in the English language, Ireland.

eamonn de valera 1916 rising
1916 prisoner De Valera saw 1937 constitution as fulfillment of a dream

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Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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December 28,

Painter Augustus Nicholas Burke – Anti-Catholic Discrimination – United Irishman William Salmon at Today in Irish History

December 28: TODAY in Irish History:

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Connemara Girl by Augustus Burke at today in Irish history

Connemara Girl by Augustus Burke

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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 1795: Anti-Catholic Discrimination

The rationale for the 1798 Rebellion and the logic behind the cause of the United Irishmen can be seen in a document signed by Lord Gosford, Governor of Armagh who railed against anti-Catholic discrimination in a document dated on this day in 1795

“It is no secret that a persecution, accompanied with all the circumstances of ferocious cruelty which have in all ages distinguished this calamity, is now raging in this country; neither age, nor sex, nor even acknowledged innocence, is sufficient to excite mercy or afford protection. The only crime which the unfortunate objects of this persecution are charged with, is a crime of easy proof indeed; it is simply a profession of the Roman Catholic faith. A lawless banditti have constituted themselves judges of this species of delinquency, and the sentence they pronounce is equally concise and terrible; it is nothing less than a confiscation of all property and immediate banishment—a prescription that has been carried into effect, and exceeds, in the number of those it consigns to ruin and misery, every example that ancient or modern history can supply. These horrors are now acting with impunity. The spirit of justice has disappeared from the country; and the supineness of the magistracy of Armagh has become a common topic of conversation in every corner of the kingdom.”

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1836: William Sampson – United Irishman

Death of United Irishman, Lawyer and author William Sampson in New York. Born in well-to-do Protestant ascendancy, Sampson was one of many non-Catholics who were disturbed by the level of discrimination and violence against members of the Catholic faith. As a lawyer, he defended United Irishmen for anti-British actions before being arrested himself. Expelled from Ireland, he settled in American in 1806. His most lasting impact on American judicial law was when he won a judgment accepting the confidentiality of the confessional.

The opening lines of Salmon’s Memoirs read:

“At length, I take up my pen….. to give you the history of my extraordinary persecution. From it you may form a judgment of that system of government which drove the unhappy people of Ireland to revolt. But, to judge rightly, you should also be aware, that of many thousand such cases, mine is one of- the most mild.”

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READ FREE eBOOK: Memoirs of William Salmon

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1891: Death of Painter and Artist Augustus Nicholas Burke

Augustus Nicholas Burke 1828-1891 at today in Irish history famous Irish painters
Augustus Nicholas Burke 1828-1891

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Born in 1828 in County Galway, he was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy in London and the Royal Hibernian Academy in Dublin. He resided in Holland and Brittany for a number of years before returning to Dublin.  His portraits include a Breton FarmyardThe Feast-day of Notre Dame de Tremala, Brittany and a View in Connemara. Burke’s brother was murdered along with Lord Frederick Cavendish, Chief Secretary for Ireland in the infamous Phoenix Park Murders of 1882.
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Connemara Girl by Augustus Burke at today in Irish history
Connemara Girl by Augustus Burke

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shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)