Posts tagged ‘ira hunger strike’

April 9,

The Last to Fall, Cork-born General Smyth – Bobby Sands Elected MP at Today in Irish History

April 9: TODAY in Irish History:

General Thomas Alfred Smyth

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1864: Death of Union General Thomas Alfred Smyth

On the day that Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox, Cork born Union General Thomas Alfred Smyth succumbs to wounds suffered two days previously.

Smyth was the last Union General to be killed in the Civil War. He died on the day of Lee’s surrender at Appomattox, having been mortally wounded by a sniper two days previously. He fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and was a Brigade Commander at Gettysburg. . Following his death, he was posthumously brevetted Major General, US Volunteers.

READ: Smyth bio at the excellent Irish in the American Civil War

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More on General Thomas Alfred Smyth at FindAGrave.com

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1922: IRA Claims to be Legitimate Army

The anti-Treaty IRA members reconvene to put into effect their motion from March 26 when it stated the IRA would be the legitimate army of the Irish Republic, which was in defiance of the Dail Eireann vote. Civil war was now a virtual certainty as the delegates adopted a new constitution and elected a new 16-member Executive including Joe McKelvey, Liam Mellows, Rory O’Connor who would die in the upcoming conflict. A 7 man IRA army council under chief of staff Ernie O’Malley was established. For the next 90 years, the IRA in one form or another would be involved in violent conflict in Ireland. Not only does the IRA not recognize the state of Northern Ireland, it has never accepted the legitimacy of a democratically elected Republic of Ireland government.

IRA Leader Liam Mellows

IRA Leader Liam Mellows

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1981: Bobby Sands Elected MP 

IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone in a by-election necessitated by the death of sitting MP Frank Maguire. In a hugely emotional campaign, Sands defeated Unionist candidate Harry West. Sands who was serving a fourteen year sentence for IRA activities and other prisoners in Long Kesh opted for hunger strike in an effort to gain political status. He would be the first of ten IRA members who would die on hunger strike. Over 100,000 attended his funeral.

bobby sands mural

Bobby Sands mural, Falls Road Belfast

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

October 17,

Young Irelander William Smith O’Brien. IRA Hunger Strike. Treaty Negotiations on this day in Irish History

October 17: TODAY in Irish History:

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Curated by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1803: William Smith O’Brien – Young Irelander

Birth of William Smith O’Brien, Irish Nationalist and and leader of the Young Ireland movement. Following the Young Ireland Rebellion of 1848, O’Brien was sentenced to death, but his sentence of death was commuted to deportation to Van Diemen’s Land. Pardoned, he returned to Ireland in 1856. A statute of O’Brien (crafted by Thomas Farrell) was erected in Dublin’s O’Connell Street in 1870.

The Irish Times – Dec 27th 1870 wrote:

“… the first time for 70 years that a monument had been erected in a public place in Dublin to honour an Irishman whose title to that honour was that he devoted his life to the Irish national cause. In other countries it is such men only that received the honour of a public monument, but in this city there were statues to men who had served and loved England, and did not care for Ireland. As to this country, it had been held that it was treason to love her, and death to defend her. The monuments which had been erected till now have been rather monuments of this haughty mastery of the English people and our servility and helplessness. A favourable change took place recently. Ireland had ventured to erect statues to Moore, Goldsmith and Burke, whose genius was Irish, and whose sympathies also were mainly Irish. Though these men loved Ireland, and their memories were thus commemorated, none of them ever exposed themselves to the danger of imprisonment or transportation for life for Ireland. There stood the statue of a man who 22 years ago, was sentenced to be hanged, drawn, and quartered for his love of Ireland. ”

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File:William Smith O'Brien (Statue).JPG

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1920: Cork IRA volunteer Michael Fitzgerald dies following a sixty-seven day hunger strike. Eleven IRA men took part in the hunger strike which claimed the lives of two others, most notably Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence McSwiney.

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1921: Anglo Irish Treaty negotiations which had commenced October 11th, continued in London, at this stage with little breakthrough.

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

 

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)