Posts tagged ‘irish civil war’

September 8,

The Sack of Fermoy – De Valera Ceasefire Talks – W.T. Cosgrave

September 8: TODAY in Irish History:

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Liam Lynch

Liam Lynch

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1919: British Troops Sack Fermoy

British troops “sack” the town of Fermoy, Co. Cork as reprisal for an ambush  by the IRA the previous day which resulted in the death of one soldier.

The attack by the IRA, led by Liam Lynch was the first deliberate ambush by the IRA on British troops and opened the War of Independence.

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Liam Lynch
Liam Lynch 1893-1923

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By the standards of later standards, the “Sack of Fermoy” was relatively benign with a number of shops burned and destroyed by British troops.

SEE: Interesting quirky site on Fermoy: A Garrison Town.

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1922: Civil War Ceasefire Talks

With the Irish Civil War raging between pro and anti-Treaty forces, Eamonn De Valera (anti-treaty) meets in secret with Richard Mulcahy, Commander of the pro-treaty government supporters to discuss an end to the violence. The discussions came to nothing as in De Valera’s view they “could not find a basis” for agreement according to author Tim Pat Coogan.

free state commander richard mulcahy at today in irish history
Richard Mulcahy

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Free state troops civil war
Government troops Irish Civil War

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1933: Founding of Fine Gael

Fine Gael was founded on 8 September 1933 following the merger of Cumann na nGaedheal, the National Centre Party and the National Guard, popularly known as the “Blueshirts.” It’s first leader was W.T. Cosgrave.

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W. T. Cosgrave
Fine Gael Leader W.T. Cosgrave

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

August 11,

Dan Breen – IRA Fighter. Ballymurphy Massacre. Eamonn De Valera 1927. First Catholic Bishop of Adelaide on this day in Irish History

August 11: TODAY in Irish History:

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Dan Breen Wanted Poster IRA

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1817: The First Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide Australia

Christopher Augustine Reynolds is born in Dublin. Reynolds was the first Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide Australia (1873-1877)

Archbishop Christopher Augistine Reynolds 1815-1907 at today in Irish history Christopher Augustine Reynolds (1834-1893), by unknown photographer
Archbishop Christopher Augistine Reynolds      1815-1907

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READ DETAILD BIO of Archbishop Reynolds.

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1894: Dan Breen

 One of the most famous fighters in the fight for Irish freedom,  Dan Breen is born in Co. Tipperary. He was an iconic IRA figure in both the War of Independence and also the Civil War.
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Dan Breen Wanted Poster IRA
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Breen was involved in what is accepted as the first action of the War of Independence 1919-1921 when with Sean Treacy and others, he ambushed and killed two RIC (Royal Irish Constabulary) constables James McDonnell and Patrick O’Connell, both of them Catholic and reputedly popular in the community in what has become known as the Soloheadbeg Ambush (Co. Tipperary.)

In his memoir, My Fight for Irish Freedom Breen outlines what happened at the ambush:

‘Hands up!’ The cry came from our men who spoke as if with one voice. ‘Hands up!’ In answer to our challenge they raised their rifles, and with military precision held them at the ready. They were Irishmen, too, and would die rather than surrender. We renewed the demand for surrender. We would have preferred to avoid bloodshed; but they were inflexible. Further appeal was useless. It was a matter of our lives or theirs. We took aim. The two policemen fell, mortally wounded.”

The action was unauthorized by Irish leadership, but shortly after all, British armed forces and policemen were deemed legitimate targets.

The British government offered a reward £1,oo0 for Breen and later raised it to  £1o,o00. Breen writes “Nobody ever tried to earn it with the exception of a few members of the RIC. They failed; many of them never made the second attempt.”

Breen was seriously wounded on a number of occasions during the conflict. Following the Irish Civil War where he fought  on the Anti-Treaty side, he was elected to Dail Eireann in Jan 1927, lost his seat later that year, but went on to represent Tipperary from 1932 through 1965.

READ EXCERPT from My Fight for Irish Freedom is an interesting memoir about the escapades of a man who like many of his compatriots could often be chillingly brutal in a brutal war. The following interview shows the mindset of the IRA during the War of Independence.

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1927: General Election – Fianna Fail Wins 44 Seats 

In the General Election, Eamonn De Valera’s Fianna Fail party wins 44 seats. Despite originally stating they would not enter Dail Eireann and take the Oath of Allegiance to the King, Dev reversed policy, declared the oath was an empty formula and proceeded to take their seats in the Irish parliament.

The “brilliant, austere De Valera” as JFK described him was on his way to dominating Irish political life.

Eamonn De Valera
Eamonn De Valera

Five years later, Fianna Fail would win election and De Valera would become Taoiseach (PM).

SELECTION OF EXCELLECT PICs of Dev

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1971:  BallyMurphy Massacre: Two days after the introduction of internment without trial in Northern Ireland, 11 people have been killed by British paratroopers in the Nationalist Ballymurphy area of Belfast. Community activists who are still trying to get a neutral inquiry into those terrible two days claim all 11 killed were innocent civilians. To those not involved at the time, that claim may seem ludicrous, but those killed include a Catholic priest Father Hugh Mullan who was helping a wounded parishioner and a mother of eight who was involved in a similar exercise. Almost certainly, the most aggressive activity (if any) of those killed would have been stone-throwing and goading of the British soldiers.

Trying to make sense of what happened is impossible but SEE:

OFFICIAL SITE of Family Members

Paratrooper Account

Guardian Newspaper Article

Internment was a disaster for the people of Northern Ireland no matter what side of the divide. Within six months, approximately 1,600 of those who had been unceremoniously arrested were released without charge, but, internment, Ballymurphy and the events of Bloody Sunday some months later encouraged many young men to join the IRA which itself was involved in numerous atrocities including Bloody Friday. On the other side of the divide, Loyalists perpetrated massacres like the McGurk Pub bombing which killed 15 Catholics.

The madness would continue for more than twenty more years.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)