Posts tagged ‘loyalist Northern Ireland’

July 31,

Miami Showband Massacre – Irish Air Ace George McElroy – President Andrew Johnson

July 31: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1874: Georgetown University’s Irish-African-American President

Patrick Francis Healy (1834-1910) becomes President of Georgetown University. Healy was born to a mulatto slave mother in Georgia. His father Michael Healy, was an Irish slave owner. The Healy family biography states the parents  lived “faithfully as a married couple” although not legally married.

Patrick was sent to school in New York where he adopted a white identity. Healy entered the Jesuit order in 1850. In 1866, as part of his Jesuit duties, he was sent to Georgetown College to teach philosophy. He became acting president in 1873. Within a year, he became president of Georgetown, the largest Catholic institution in the country and Washington, DC’s first college, founded in 1789. Healy transformed Georgetown into a modern university and retired in 1881. According to historian James O’Toole, it was not until the 1960s that Patrick Healy’s racial history was revealed. Since then he has been declared the first African American Jesuit and the first African American president of a predominantly white university.

Healy is buried in the Jesuit cemetery on the Georgetown University campus.

patrick francis healy
Patrick Francis Healy

 For Georgetown Biography of Healy

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1875: President Andrew Johnson

Death of Andrew Johnson , 17th President of the United States whose grandfather came from County Antrim. Johnson took office following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Johnson was an interesting, pugnacious character who did not suffer fools gladly.  He also had a fondness for alcohol. An article on him at Senate.gov reports he was drunk during his inauguration as Vice-President on the day Lincoln took office for the second time.

“After (former VP) Hamlin delivered a brief and stately valedictory, Johnson rose unsteadily to harangue the distinguished crowd about his humble origins and his triumph over the rebel aristocracy. In the shocked and silent audience, President Abraham Lincoln showed an expression of “unutterable sorrow.” Johnson was apparently so  drunk he could not swear in incoming Senators.  Michigan Senator Chandler wrote his wife “”The inauguration went off very well except that the Vice President Elect was too drunk to perform his duties & disgraced himself & the Senate by making a drunken foolish speech.”

Despite this performance, Johnson was not afraid to take on the might and patronage of his Republican Party which took umbrage when he fired Stanton. He was the first President of the United States to be impeached (in 1868) because he sacked Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. Johnson was acquitted by the Senate, falling one vote short of the necessary 2/3 needed to remove him from office, voting 35-19 to remove him. He is the only President to win election to the Senate after his stint in the White House.

President Andrew Johnson
President Andrew Johnson 1808-1875

See IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF ANDREW JOHNSON

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1918: Air Ace George “McIrish” McElroy

Death of Dublin born Captain George McElroy, one of the most successful and decorated pilots of World War I.

Initially McElroy fought in the infantry, fighting with the Royal Irish Regiment at Ypres where he was seriously injured by mustard gas. Recuperating in Dublin at the time of the 1916 Easter Rising, McElroy Refused to fire on fellow Irishman, an action for which he received surprisingly little admonishment.

Some months later, he joined the Royal Flying Corps (later Royal Air Force) and became an immensely accomplished fighter. He was credited with 47 aerial victories which makes him the most successful Irish fighter pilot of the war. He was killed by ground fire while flying over enemy lines. He is buried in at the Laventie Military Cemetery in northern France.

George McElroy

McElroy’s awards include:  Military Cross and Distinguished Flying Cross. His citation for his DFC reads:

“A brilliant fighting pilot who has destroyed thirty-five machines and three kite balloons to date. He has led many offensive patrols with marked success, never hesitating to engage the enemy regardless of their being, on many occasions, in superior numbers. Under his dashing and skilful leadership his flight has largely contributed to the excellent record obtained by the squadron.”

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READ: Bio of George McElroy

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1975: Miami Showband Massacre

Three members of the Miami Showband are killed by Ulster Volunteer Force members posing as members of the security forces. (Four of the killers were actually members of the Ulster Defence Regiment UDR, an official reserve force for the British army.) At the time, the Miami Showband were one of the most popular musical acts in Ireland. The original plan was that the killers, dressed in security uniform, would plant a bomb on the band’s bus which would have gone off as they returned to Dublin, thus portraying the band as IRA supporters and bomb carriers. Two UVF men Harris Boyle and Wesley Somerville were blown to pieces when placing the bomb. In the carnage that followed, the UVF killed Miami band members Fran O’Toole, Brian McCoy and Tony Geraghty. Two band members survived.

Three UVF members were convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. There is strong circumstantial evidence that there was collusion between the killers and some senior members of the security forces.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

July 28,

Archbishop John Charles McQuaid – Siege of Derry Ends – Kerry Football Legend Mikey Sheehy

July 28: TODAY in Irish History:

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Archbishop John Charles McQuaid at Today in Irish History

Archbishop John Charles McQuaid

 

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

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1689: The Siege of Derry Ends

The siege of Derry finally ends as naval boats in support of Williamite forces finally break the boom intended to prevent ships from resupplying the starving Protestant masses. The failure of the siege was a major strategic disaster for the Catholic forces of King James, providing William with a powerful, motivated base in Ulster. Protestant forces had suffered terribly during the siege with as many as three thousand dying of starvation and disease. The siege still has huge significance within the Ulster Protestant community. For many loyalists, it evokes as much emotion as the 1916 Rising does amongst militant Republicans. The historically anti-Catholic Apprentice Boys Association was founded after the siege and still marches every year to commemorate the victory.

The Orange Minstrel by Colonel William Blacker (1776-1850) conveys some of the emotionalism associated with an event that is commemorated every year on July 12th.

Behold the crimson banner float

O’er yonder turrets hoary

They tell of days of matchless note

And Derry’s deathless glory

When her brave sons undaunted stood

Embattled to defend her

Indignant stemmed oppression’s flood

And sang out ‘No Surrender’

Old Derry’s walls were firm and strong

Well fenced in every quarter

Each frowning bastion grim along

With culverin and mortar

But Derry had a surer guard

Than all that art could lend her

Her ‘prentice hearts the gates who barred

And sang out ‘No Surrender’

Long may the crimson barrier wave

A meteor streaming airy

Portentous of the free and brave

Who man the walls of Derry

And Derry’s sons alike defy

Pope,traitor or pretender

And peal to heaven their ‘prentice cry

Their patriot, ‘No Surrender’

BBC has an excellent, interactive site on the Siege of Derry.

SEE: Orange Order (Loyalist) view of Siege of Derry.

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1895: Archbishop John Charles McQuaid

Birth of John Charles McQuaid, Catholic Archbishop of Dublin and Primate of Ireland between December 1940 and February 1972. McQuaid exuded immense power in what might be termed the heyday of Catholic power in Ireland. His strongly conservative views aligned with those of Eamonn De Valera and he played a significant part in the development of the Irish Constitution (1937) which accepted the special position of the Catholic Church in Ireland.

McQuaid was old school Catholic who denounced Dr. Noel Browne’s efforts to introduce pre-natal care for mothers as socialism by another name.  At various times he protested mixed athletic  events, (‘in athletic sports and exercises, wherein the Christian modesty of girls must be, in a special way, safeguarded, for it is supremely unbecoming that they flaunt themselves and display themselves before the eyes of all’), criticized American movie-star Jayne Mansfield’s visit to Tralee (she was rather well-endowed) and discouraged the use of tampons “I explained very fully the evidence concerning the use of internal sanitary tampons, in particular, that called Tampax. On the medical evidence made available, the bishops very strongly disapproved of the use of these appliances.”

Archbishop John Charles McQuaid at Today in Irish History
Archbishop John Charles McQuaid

Photo courtesy of Lux Occulta (worth looking at.)

HistoryIreland.com provides excellent bio on Archbishop McQuaid.

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1954: Kerry Football Legend Mikey Sheehey

Birth of Kerry footballing legend Mikey Sheehy. Sheehy would win eight All-Ireland titles with the dominant Kerry team of the 70s/80s. He is best remembered for his sensationally executed goal against Dublin in the 1978 All Ireland described in masterful form here by another Irish sporting legend, commentator Jimmy Magee.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)