Posts tagged ‘oliver cromwell’

September 3,

Boston Mobster Whitey Bulger – The Siege of Drogheda – Death of Cromwell

September 3: TODAY in Irish History:

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Whitey Bulger at Today in Irish History

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1649: The Siege of Drogheda

Oliver Cromwell’s troop begin the Siege of Drogheda which will end in the massacre of over 2,000 people. Drogheda at the time was deemed a strategically important gateway to Ulster.

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Siege of Drogheda
Massacre at Siege of Drogheda

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Cromwell had landed in Ireland on August 15th as part of a campaign to subdue Royalist and Catholics following the English Civil War (1642-1646) between Royalists and Roundheads.

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1658: DEATH OF OLIVER CROMWELL

Nine years after the Siege of Drogheda starts, Oliver Cromwell dies. He is probably the most reviled man in Irish history following his scorched earth policy of destruction and death during the his campaign in Ireland.

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Oliver Cromwell at today in Irish History
Olliver Cromwell 1599-1658

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That Cromwell was a viciously effective soldier and rabid anti-Catholic is without question. That he killed thousands of Irish is without question. Apologists of the Lord Protector say, with some accuracy, that his tactics were “the norm” for warfare in the 1600s. Intriguingly, the most hated and reviled man in Irish history regularly features in lists of great Englishmen of all time, mainly because he is often perceived as the Father of English democracy.

Following are some snapshots of the man who allegedly told dispossessed Irish landowners and Catholics that they could go to “Hell or Connaught.” (Connaught is the western province of Ireland, which the Irish Tourist Board will tell you accurately is one of the most beautiful places on earth. However, poor and relatively barren land, particularly at that time, offered little sustenance and opportunity for dwellers.)

“In August 1649, Cromwell and 12,000 soldiers arrived in Ireland. During the next ten years of bloodshed it is estimated that about a third of the population was either killed or died of starvation. The majority of Roman Catholics who owned land had it taken away from them and were removed to the barren province of Connacht. Catholic boys and girls were shipped to Barbados and sold to the planters as slaves.

The land taken from the Catholics by Cromwell was given to the Protestant soldiers who had taken part in the campaign. Before the rebellion in 1641, Catholics owned 59% of the land in Ireland. By the time Cromwell left in 1650 the proportion had shrunk to 22%.”

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Spartacus Educational profile of Cromwell

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The London Independent on Was Cromwell A War Criminal?

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1929: Whitey Bulger

Notorious organized crime figure James “Whitey” Bulger is born to a first generation Irish-American mother. In August 2013, he was found guilty on numerous counts of murder, extortion and racketeering.

 

Whitey Bulger at Today in Irish History
Whitey Bulger mug shot 1953

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Whitey Bulger might not be described as the friendliest of chaps. Wikipedia lists twenty one murders that he allegedly was involved in. Bulger got involved in crime at an early age, joining a street gang known as the “Shamrocks” and being first arrested at age fourteen.

Bulger went on the run for more  than sixteen years (1994-2011) after being tipped off by FBI agent John Connolly (his father was an Irish immigrant) that an indictment was due to come down. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted list for over a dozen years. He was finally arrested in Southern California.

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Roger Wheeler Whitey Bulger victim at today in Irish History

Roger Wheeler – one of Whitey Bulgers alleged victims “by shooting him in the face with a pistol.”

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Whitey Bulger Guilty of 11 Counts of Murder

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whitey bulger booking photo at today in irish history
Whitey Bulger booking photo 2011

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Whitey Bulger and the IRA

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

August 15,

IRA Omagh Bomb Kills 29 – Taoiseach Jack Lynch – Cromwell Lands in Ireland

August 15: TODAY in Irish History:

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Omagh bombing support group report intelligence

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

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1649: Cromwell Lands in Ireland

Oliver Cromwell arrives in Ireland and soon all hell will break lose. Indeed, Cromwell will famously tell the Irish “To Hell or Connaught.” Cromwell had been appointed by Parliament as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and landed at Dublin with troop numbers of at least 13,000.

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Oliver Cromwell at Today in Irish History portrait British National Portrait Gallery

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Over the next few months, he would lay siege to Drogheda and massacre most of the inhabitants. Soon Wexford would suffer the same fate where an estimated 2,000 defenders and civilians were shown no quarter. In both cities, it is estimated at least 2,000 civilians died. Clonmel and Kilkenny were the only cities where Cromwell showed mercy to the inhabitants.

Cromwell’s defenders will claim that his actions were not so much anti-Irish as anti-Catholic and that it was not unusual in those days to put a besieged town to the sack. It’s not an argument the Irish have much sympathy for and he is probably the most reviled person in Irish history and indeed Scotland. By the time he left Ireland in 1650, he had destroyed any serious resistance to English occupation.

Tragically, the effects of Cromwell on Irish History would still be playing out 349 years later on this day with the Omagh bombing of 1998. See below.

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1917: Taoiseach and Hurling Legend Jack Lynch

Jack Lynch, Taoiseach and GAA Hurling star is born in Cork.

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Lynch was Taoiseach during a particularly difficult time in 20th Century Irish history 1966-1973 when the Troubles in Northern Ireland erupted and a Southern government was riven by actions that should be taken. He sacked two ministers Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney for their alleged involvement in diverting government funds to support IRA gun-running. In criminal proceedings, both were found not guilty of gun running although Haughey – probably the most corrupt politician in  Republic of Ireland history –  probably perjured himself during the trial.

Despite some mis-steps, Lynch’s even hand ensured relatively good relationships with  Britain during an explosive period including the Bloody Sunday shootings and the burning of the British Embassy in Dublin .

Lynch’s second tenure in power between 1977-1979 was riven by internal Fianna Fail disquiet as Charles Haughey engineered his successful efforts to gain leadership of the party and thus Taoiseach. Although a likeable man, Lynch was not above blatant manoevering for political benefit. Fianna Fail’s return to power in 1977 was on the back of a promise to abolish rates on private houses – an action that was totally unjustified and one that the Irish economy still suffers from today supported as it is by a very narrow tax base.

In his younger days, Jack Lynch was a superb hurler and footballer winning one All Ireland football medal and five All Ireland hurling medals for the rebel county.

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1998: IRA Bomb Omagh – 29 Killed

Omagh bombing support group report intelligence

An IRA bomb explodes in Omagh, Co. Tyrone killing 29 people. As a result of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, the people of Northern Ireland thought they had seen the end of violence. However, a tiny breakaway group of IRA dissidents who called themselves The Real IRA thought otherwise and continued the campaign to rid Northern Ireland of   “British occupation.” The events of Omagh were a microcosm of how both Republican and Loyalist paramilitaries operated over the previous thirty years. A  tiny minority intent on destruction provided poor telephoned bomb warnings to the authorities. In the confusion and it appears general laxness of residents and police authorities, the victims were unknowingly shepherded close to the car that contained 500 lbs of explosives. The victims never had a chance.

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Although Prime Minister Tony Blair promised that the bombers would be pursued “to the utmost,” no one has ever been convicted of the bombings. It is generally accepted that the authorities on both sides of the border “know” who the bombers are, but have not been able to provide evidence. Republican Michael McKevitt was found liable in civil court   of responsibility for the bombing.

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omagh bombing at today in Irish History
The red car some minutes before the bomb. (Source Wikipedia)

For Extensive Details of Omagh Bombing

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)