October 24,

Cork born Clergyman Wins VC. Today in Irish History – Famine Soul Jobbing – Sir Horace Plunkett

October 24: TODAY in Irish History:

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James Adams Cork born VC winner

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

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1842: Bernardo O’Higgins

Death of Barnardo O’Higgins, often recognized as the Founding Father of Chile.

Bernardo O'Higgens Chilean Liberator
Bernardo O’Higgens Chilean Liberator 1778-1842

O’Higgins was the illegitimate son of Sligo born Ambrose Bernard O’Higgins, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru.

READ: Barnardo O’Higgins biography

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1847: Famine “Soul-Jobbing” condemned

In an irate letter published in the Cork Examiner,  “A.D.F.” condemns the proselytizing (soul-jobbing) of starving Catholics.

“I just now want to draw public attention to a disgraceful practice that was carried on during the period of awful distress, when nothing should sway people from relieving the destitute, the practice of proselytizing, a new accompaniment of famine. The duties that devolved on the priest were indeed laborious, inasmuch as they had to combat against famine, disease, and death, on the one hand, and on the other, against those proselytizers, (justly termed soul-jobbers).

In every locality where this nefarious system worked, the proselytizing school consisted of about a dozen of the poorest children of the place, a Bible master or mistress was procured to diffuse knowledge to hungry stomachs. The pottage pot was superintended and conducted by the female proselytizer, and its salubrious contents distributed every day after five or six hours of lecturing, charitable donations were lavished in purchasing up bibles, paying the master or mistress so much per week, and as a matter of course, adding a little to their own private funds.

Is it not melancholy to know that all this was in operation when famine and disease desolated the land. Now another year’s famine is impending; and I ask what will be done with those two traffickers, the proselytizer and the corn merchant? I can tell you they are ripe for another opportunity, and that will very shortly be at hand. In the mean time public opinion ought to be brought to bear on them. Their very names should be set forth on the wings of the press as individuals base and degraded, to an extent, unmatched in any other country calling itself civilized.”

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1854: Birth of Sir Horace Plunkett

horace plunkett cooperative movent
Sir Horace Plunkett 1854-1932

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Plunkett was an agrarian reformer, a founder of the Irish Cooperative movement and a leading light in encouraging better farm and agricultural practices.

His efforts gained the attention of President Teddy Roosevelt who wrote:

“My Dear Sir Horace,

I wish you were an American and either in the Senate or my Cabinet! You take an interest in exactly the problems which I regard as vital, and you approach them in what seems to me to be the only sane and healthy way.”

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READ: Bio of Sir Horace Plunkett

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1903: James William Adams VC

Death of Cork born clergyman James Adams who is one of only five civilians and the first clergyman to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery during an action on 1879

James Adams Cork born VC winner
James Adams 1839-1903

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Adams’ commanding officer General Roberts wrote of Adams bravery.

“Our Chaplain ( Adams ), who had accompanied me throughout the day, behaved in this particular place with conspicuous gallantry. Seeing a wounded man of the 9th Lancers staggering towards him, Adams dismounted, and tried to lift the man onto his own charger. Unfortunately, the mare, a very valuable animal, broke loose and was never seen again. Adams, however, managed to support the Lancer until he was able to make him over to some of his own comrades.

Adams rejoined me in time to assist two more of the 9th who were struggling under their horses at the bottom of the ditch. He was an unusually powerful man, and by sheer strength dragged the Lancers clear of their horses. The Afghans meanwhile had reached Bhagwana, and were so close to the ditch that I thought my friend the padre could not possibly escape. I called out to him to look after himself, but he paid no attention to my warnings until he had pulled the almost exhausted Lancers to the top of the slippery ditch.”

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

October 23,

Frederick Douglass Visits Cork – Charles Haughey Acquitted – Beckett Nobel Prize

October 23: TODAY in Irish History:

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

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1845: Frederick Douglass in Cork

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass speaks to a packed house in Cork on the subject of slavery.

“In the name of Christianity, I demand that people of these countries be interested in the question of slavery! In vain may the slaveowner tell you it is no concern of yours. Mr. President, it belongs to the whole nation of America; and to the Irishmen, not because they are Irish, but because they are MEN. Slavery is so gigantic that it cannot be coped with by one nation.—Hence I would have the intelligence and humanity of the entire people of Ireland against that infamous system.”

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland
Douglass Mural Belfast where he spent some time on his Irish visit

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READFrederick Douglass Speech in Cork

Two days previously Douglass had spoken to another Cork audience on Slavery and Temperance

READ: Frederick Douglass Cork Speech on Slavery and Temperance

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1969: Samuel Beckett wins Nobel Prize

Dublin born (1906Samuel Beckett  is awarded Nobel Prize for Literature  “for his writing, which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation.”

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samuel beckett irish nobel prize winner
Samuel Beckett 1906-1989

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At the presentation speech, some weeks later, Karl Ragnar Gierow, of the Nobel Prize Academy said “Mix a powerful imagination with a logic in absurdum, and the result will be either a paradox or an Irishman. If it is an Irishman, you will get the paradox into the bargain.”

READ: Samuel Beckett bio

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1970: Charles Haughey Acquited

Government Minister Charles HaugheyCaptain James Kelly, Belfast republican John Kelly and Belgian Albert Luykx were acquited of attempting to import arms into Ireland on behalf of the IRA.

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Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey arms trial
Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey

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Haughey spent a number of years in the political wilderness before becoming Taoiseach in December 1979. He would prove to be the most divisive and most corrupt politician to take office in post-civil war Ireland. Columnist Bruce Arnold summed up the charismatic Haughey “Skilful, adroit, ambitious, but also fearful and feared, devious and dishonest, by the time his end came his reputation, once very high indeed, was in tatters.”

READ: Charles Haughey and the Arms Crisis

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2001: IRA Decommissions Arms

 The Northern Ireland peace process reaches an historic breakthrough as the IRA announce the the decommissioning of weapons. The IRA statement read in part: “In order to save the peace process we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD [Independent International Commission on Decommissioning] in August 2001.”

“The IRA is committed to our republican objectives and to the establishment of a united Ireland based on justice, equality and freedom.

In August l994, against a background of lengthy and intensive discussions involving the two governments and others, the leadership of the IRA called a complete cessation of military operations in order to create the dynamic for a peace process.

Decommissioning’ was no part of that. There was no ambiguity about this. Unfortunately there are those within the British establishment and the leadership of unionism who are fundamentally opposed to change. At every opportunity they have used the issue of arms as an excuse to undermine and frustrate progress.

It is for this reason that decommissioning was introduced to the process by the British Government. It has been used since to prevent the changes that a lasting peace requires.

In order to overcome this and to encourage the changes necessary for a lasting peace, the leadership of Oglaigh nah Eireann (IRA) has taken a number of substantial initiatives.

These include our engagement with the IICD (Independent International Commission on Decommissioning) and the inspection of a number of arms dumps by the two international inspectors, Cyril Ramaphosa and Martti Ahtisaari.

No one should doubt the difficulties these initiatives cause for us, our volunteers and our supporters.

The political process is now on the point of collapse. Such a collapse would certainly, and eventually, put the overall peace process in jeopardy.

There is a responsibility upon everyone seriously committed to a just peace to do our best to avoid this.

Therefore, in order to save the peace process, we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD in August.

Our motivation is clear. This unprecedented move is to save the peace process and to persuade others of our genuine intentions.

“Signed: P O’Neill.”

“P O’Neill” is the standard signature used in all public announcements by the Provisional IRA

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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