Tammany Boss Richard Croker – The Manchester Martyrs – Lord Mountbatten Killer on this Day in Irish History

November 23: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1841: Tammany Hall Boss Richard Croker

Cork born Tammany boss Richard Croker

Cork born Tammany boss Richard Croker

Tammany boss Richard Croker is born in Cork. His family emigrated to the United States three years later. Croker was leader of the often corrupt New York Democratic machine between 1886-1902. He famously was acquitted on a murder charge arising from a killing during an election brawl.

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Croker earned the undying wrath of Mark Twain who in a mock eulogy to the Irish emmigrant got his facts wrong, but maybe not the tone when he said “Yes, farewell to Croker forever, the Baron of Wantage, the last, and I dare say the least desirable, addition to English nobility.”  In his autobiography, Twain didn’t mince his words about Croker describing him as an “all-round blatherskite and chief pillager of the municipal till.”

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READ: Biography Richard Croker

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1867: Manchester Martyrs are hanged.

Three members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, William Philip Allen, Michael Larkin, and Michael O’Brien are executed for the murder of a police officer in Manchester, England, in 1867.

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The Manchester Martyrs - Allen, Larkin and O'Brien

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The trio were members of a group Fenians who helped two two members of the IRB – Thomas Kelly and Timothy Deasy to escape from police custody following a well planned ambush by colleagues. During the escape Manchester police Sergeant Brett wass killed. The attack would result in the execution of three Fenians on this day in 1867– William Philip Allen, Michael Larkin, and Michael O’Brien who would become known as the Manchester Martyrs in Irish folklore.

Their exploits and execution inspired Irish nationalist T.D. Sullivan to write God Save Ireland, a song that every God-fearing young schoolboy had beaten into him by the Christian Brothers through much of the twentieth century. There is little doubt that the men were involved in the escape attempt where Sergeant Brett was killed, but all three men maintained their innocence and stated their regret about the policeman’s death.

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READ: Manchester Martyr Speeches from the Dock

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The Dubliners sing God Save Ireland

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1920: Bloody Sunday Fallout

The fallout from  Bloody Sunday continues. IRA volunteer Thomas Whelan is arrested for his involvement in the executions of the so called Cairo gang. He would be hanged by British authorities March 21 1921.

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1979: IRA Man Sentenced for Mountbatten Death

Mountbatten at Today in Irish History

Lord Mountbatten 1900-1979

Thomas McMahon, a member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), is sentenced to life imprisonment for preparing and planting the bomb that killed Lord Louis Mountbatten and three others in County Sligo. Mountbatten regularly holidayed in the West of Ireland. The bomb exploded on his boat some minutes after he and family friends had departed the little port of Mullaghmore.  Mountbatten’s grandson Nicholas, 14, and fifteen year old local, Paul Maxwell, 15, employed as a boat boy were also killed. Another passenger, the Dowager Lady Brabourne, 82, died the day after the attack. McMahon was released in 1998 under the Good Friday Agreement.

Although hard for many people to swallow, participants on both sides of the Troubles were released under the Good Friday Agreement and proved a watershed in rapprochement between Republican and Loyalist elements.

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

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