Big Jim Larkin – War of Independence Starts – First Meeting Dail Eireann at Today in Irish History

January 21: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1876: Union Leader Big Jim Larkin

James “Big Jim” Larkin is born to Irish parents in Toxteth, Liverpool. Larkin became of the most effective labor leaders in Irish history leading major strikes in 1907 (Belfast and Dublin), 1911, and the 1913 Dublin Lockout, a six-month  failed standoff between Dublin workers and employers.  In 1908, he founded the Irish Transport and General Workers Union.

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Big Jim Larkin
Big Jim Larkin

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Larkin who stood well over six feet tall was an excellent orator. On hearing him speak, Constance Markievicz said: “I realized that I was in the presence of something that I had never come across before, some great primeval force rather than a man.”

Unusual for his time in working class Dublin, Larkin was a proponent of the temperance movement and strongly anti-sectarian. “I have tried to kill sectarianism, whether in Catholics or Protestants. I am against bigotry or intolerance on either side.”

At the same time, he was somewhat blinded to the vices of the new Soviet regime, “Russia is the only place where men and women can be free.”

Big Jim was a thorn in the side of authority everywhere. While in the United States, he was indicted along with many other socialists for attempting to overthrow the government, a charge he denied. The indictment stated that “Larkin and his co-defendant Benjamin Gitlow were described in the indictment as “men of intelligence, with considerable experience in public affairs, and all this either from honest fanaticism, gross egotism, venomous class hatred, criminal ambition, conceited ignorance on great subjects, or muddled thought they have perverted into the most dangerous channels. As they stand today, as against the organized government specified in this statute, they are positively dangerous men.”

In 1920, he was sentenced to 5-10 years jail. He was pardoned by incoming New York Mayor Al Smith in 1922 and returned to Ireland.

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READ: Larkin Indictment

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Big Jim Larkin NY Police photo 1919
Big Jim Larkin NY Police photo 1919

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Larkin won election to Dail Eireann on a number of occasions and was sufficiently reconciled with Irish society at the time of his death in 1947, that his funeral mass was celebrated by the Archbishop of Dublin, John Charles McQuaid.

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1919: First Meeting Dáil Éireann

The first meeting of Dáil Éireann occurs in the Mansion House, Dublin. Cathal Brugha was elected Speaker (Ceann Comhairle) (chairman or speaker). The membership was composed of elected to the Westminster parliament. Only 27 MPs were in attendance with a further 35 reported as “imprisoned by the foreign enemy.” Unionist MPs, primarily from the North of Ireland refused to attend.

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1919: War of Independence Starts – Soloheadbeg Ambush

Dan Breen Wanted Poster IRA

On the same day, the first Dail was meeting, an ambush takes place at Soloheadbeg, County Tipperary that is now seen as being the opening skirmish in the War of Independence, a war that would ultimately see much of Ireland gain independence from Britain. An unauthorized attack led by Sean Treacy and Dan Breen resulted in the deaths of two RIC constables, James McDonnell and Patrick O’Connell. Although much of nationalist Ireland went on to support the war against Britain, this attack evoked outrage at the time. Breen, a ruthless, brilliant guerilla fighter later said “The people had voted for a Republic; now they seemed to abandon us who tried to bring that Republic nearer, for we had taken them at their word. Our former friends shunned us. They preferred the drawing-room as a battleground.”

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Irish War of Independence Documentary

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READ: Different perspectives on the ambush incident, see 1)  An Phoblacht and 2)  Royal Irish Constabulary

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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