Posts tagged ‘1916 Easter rising’

August 21,

Bono Gets Hitched – Larne Gun Runner Frederick Crawford at Today in Irish History

August 21: TODAY in Irish History:

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Bono at Today in Irish History

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1861: Larne Gun Runner Frederick Crawford

Birth of Frederick Crawford. Crawford is one of the lesser known figures in Ulster Unionist history but one who was hugely influential because of his involvement in what is known as the Larne gun running incident when he was responsible for smuggling over 25,000 guns into the North on the night of April 24 1914.

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Fred Crawford Larne Gun Runner
Fred Crawford Larne Gun Runner

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By 1912, Ulster Unionists were prepared to take desperate measures to ensure Ireland (or at least Ulster) stayed under English rule and not, as Loyalists saw it, be taken over by a Catholic dominated “foreign” culture which is how Unionists saw the general Irish nationalist movement. To some extent, Loyalist thinking was similar to the States Rights logic of the Confederate United States. Robert E. Lee refused a command in the Union Army at the commencement of the Civil War to fight for his beloved Virginia.

Crawford summed up  this sentiment in his book Guns for Ulster when he wrote about the Scottish Protestant immigrants who settled in Ulster in the 1600-1700s.  ” From these settlers sprang a people, the Ulster-Scot, who have made themselves felt in the history of the British Empire and, in no small measure, in that of the United States of America.” (See for instance Andrew Jackson.)  He went on to write “I am ashamed to call myself an Irishman. Thank God I am not one. I am an Ulsterman, a very different breed.”

Crawford was strongly supported by other Loyalist politicians including Edward Carson who ironically was born in Dublin. The weapons went to arm The Ulster Volunteer Force in very public defiance of the rule (ironically) of British law. Some weeks after the Larne incident, Irish nationalists led by Countess Markievicz would land guns at Howth, Co Dublin  literally in view of English authorities who failed to understand the nuances of a nation where Loyalists were prepared to fight Britain to stay part of Britain and Nationalists were prepared to fight Britain to gain independence from Britain.

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1982: Bono Gets Hitched

Seduced by her Mysterious Ways, U2 frontman Bono marries Ali Stewart in Raheny, Dublin. He is twenty two. She is twenty one. Bono knew that Sometimes You Can’t Make It On Your Own. After Ali told Bono Get On Your Boots and he said   I Will Follow on that Beautiful Day, we can assume that when singing I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For, the little Dublin lad does not mean Ali.  For the last thirty years it seems as if Two Hearts Beat As One for a couple who have it seems have an Unforgettable  Fire and who endeavor to do a Magnificent job for social justice.

 Bono at Today in Irish History

Illustration of Bono by Mark Anderson in For the Love of Being Irish written by Conor Cunneen.

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READ: Article on Ali Hewson

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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April 29,

Easter Rising: The Surrender and Eye-Witness Accounts

April 29: TODAY in Irish History: 1916 Rising – James Connolly

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Today in Irish History: Curated by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Chicago Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1916: Easter Rising: The Surrender

After six days that reduced much of central Dublin to ruin, British forces numbering close to 20,000 troops (many of them Irish) finally force a rebel force of 1.500 men and women to surrender.

At 12.45pm, Elizabeth O’Farrell, one of three women in the GPO during the Rising walks towards British troops with a white flag. The British insist on unconditional surrender and at 3.30 Patrick Pearse surrenders his troops. (1916 rebels Brid Thornton and Joseph Sweeney on the surrender) Over the following hours, the garrisons at Boland’s Mills, Jacobs Factory and other locations lay down their arms.

“I waved a small white flag,” O’Farrell later recalled “which I carried and the military ceased firing and called me up to the barrier…I saw, at the corner of Sackville Lane, The O’Rahilly’s hat and a revolver lying on the ground. (The fatally wounded Michael (The) O’Rahilly, managed to write a note to his wife : ‘Written after I was shot. Darling Nancy I was shot leading a rush up Moore Street and took refuge in a doorway. While I was there I heard the men pointing out where I was and made a bolt for the laneway I am in now. I got more [than] one bullet I think. Tons and tons of love dearie to you and the boys and to Nell and Anna. It was a good fight anyhow. Please deliver this to Nannie O’ Rahilly, 40 Herbert Park, Dublin. Goodbye Darling.’

O’Farrell spoke to a senior British officer:

“The commandant of the Irish Republican Army wishes to treat with the commandant of the British forces in Ireland.”

“The Irish Republican Army? – the Sinn Féiners, you mean,” he replied.

“No, the Irish Republican Army they call themselves and I think that is a very good name too.”

Pearse surrenders. To his right (obscured) is Elizabeth O’Farrell.

The Rising had not been popular amongst Dubliners who saw the futility of it (as did all Rebel leaders), the destruction it brought to Dublin and the deaths of many of their neighbors, shot by both sides. As rebel prisoners were being marched off, they were subject to abuse and jeering by many Dubliners; emotions that would change dramatically within a few weeks.

The prisoners were rounded up into one encampment and not exactly treated kindly. Proclamation signatory Tom Clarke was stripped naked and “all sorts of disparaging remarks made about him.”

YouTube: Irish Rebel Participant interviews from 1976

Casualties of the Rising.

Total Casualties were about 450 killed, most of whom were civilians. Sources differ even about the number of British casualties, but it seems to have been about 110 killed and over 350 wounded.

Over 60 Irish rebels died during the insurrection. A further 15 would be executed betweem May 3-12.

The total number of civilian deaths was in excess of 250, some of whom died in incidents like the North King Street massacre and others shot accidently or otherwise by the insurrectionists. 15 year old Martin Walton (who looked much older) describes what happens as he tried to join the rebels at Jacob’s Factory to the derision of other Dubliners. ” There was a big, very, very big tall woman with something very heavy in her hand and she came across and lifted up her hand to make a bang at me. One of the Volunteers upstairs saw this and fired and I just remember seeing her face and head disappear as she went down like a sack.”

Brother against Brother

It was not unusual for Irish to join the British Army. Nationalist leader John Redmond encouraged Irishmen to join when the war began, believing it would help the introduction of Home Rule. At the time of the Rising, Tom Barry who would prove to be one of the most effective Irish guerrilla leaders during the War of Independence was in the British Army although he had no involvement 1916. Barry later wrote “I went to the war for no other reason than that I wanted to see what war was like, to get a gun, to see new countries and to feel a grown man. Above all I went because I knew no Irish history and had no national consciousness.”

1916 survivor Joseph Sweeney and later senior officer in the Irish army recounted ” One of the officers just looked at one of our fellows and without asking him anything wrote down his name and then walked on. After he had gone a certain distance, somebody asked this fellow, ‘Does that officer know you?’ ‘That’s my brother,’ he said.”

One of the more poignant deaths on April 24th was that of Roscommon born English officer, Lieutenant  Gerald Aloysius Neilan whose younger brother Anthony fought on the rebel side. Anthony was detained in Knutsford Barracks after the Rising, but as with other prisoners released by British authorities within months.

Other Irish born (Dublin Fusiliers) soldiers in the British army who died during the Rising:

•BRENNAN 25244 Private Francis A. 10th Battalion. Born Dublin.

•BYRNE 18259 Private James. Depot Battalion Born Dublin Enlisted Dublin

•HARE 6745 Sergeant Henry. 5th Battalion died 26 April 1916.  Born Dublin

•HUMPHREYS 19222 Corporal John William Humfrey 5th Battalion “A” Coy. died 25 April 1916. Born at Clonmel.

•THOMPSON 24923 Private John A., 10th Battalion, killed on 24th April 1916. Born Drumany, Macken, Co.Fermanagh. Thompson was apparently home on leave from France when recalled to Dublin.

•WATCHORN 25026 Private Abraham . Co. Carlow.

AFTERMATH

The Easter Rising of 1916 was an abject military failure. Had British authorities not reacted in such a ham-fisted (although legally correct) manner, the Rising of 1916 might have been just another footnote in Irish history. The executions of the leaders in the following weeks would ignite a firestorm that Britain would not quell.

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Perspective on 1916 Rising

OTHER EVENTS ON THIS DAY IN IRISH HISTORY

1956: Sporting legend Kevin Moran is born in Dublin. Moran was one of the finest defenders to play for Dublin before he made the unheard of transition to play soccer with Manchester United. He will be forever remembered as the first player to be send off in an English FA Cup Final, an unfortunate distinction that overshadows his bravery as a defender. Moran played 71 times for Ireland.

Kevin Moran with Manchester United

1957: Daniel Day Lewis, son of Irish born Poet Laureate Cecil Day-Lewis is born in London. He is a two time Academy Award winner.

Below is illustration of Daniel Day-Lewis in For the Love of Being Irish, an A-Z of Irish history featuring history and humor via limericks and lyrical prose. Buy copy signed by author Conor Cunneen at My Irish Gift Store.

Daniel Day-Lewis in Gangs of New York

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish
Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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For the Love of Being Irish written by Chicago based Corkman Conor Cunneen and illustrated by Mark Anderson which is an A-Z of all things Irish. This is a book that contains History, Horror, Humor, Passion, Pathos and Lyrical Limericks that will have you giving thanks (or wishing you were) For the Love of Being Irish

Watch For the Love of Being Irish author Conor Cunneen – IrishmanSpeaks on his Youtube channel IrishmanSpeaks. Laugh and Learn.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humoristIrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaksto Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History