Posts tagged ‘fianna fail’

August 26,

Big Jim Larkin and the Dublin Lockout – De Valera Elected Dail President

August 26: TODAY in Irish History:

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Big Jim Larkin

Big Jim Larkin

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1913: The Great Dublin Lockout

The Great Dublin Lockout starts and one of the most bitter and divisive labor disputes in Irish history will run until February 1914 when starving workers are forced back to work.

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Big Jim Larkin in full voice

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Five years previously, in 1908, at a time when Irish laborers were working in atrocious conditions, Union organizer Big Jim Larkin founded the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU).

The 1913 Lockout occurred when William Murphy, owner of the Dublin United Tramway Company sacked  employees who refused to leave the ITGWU. Larkin called all ITGWU members out on strike. Murphy responded by declaring a lockout. Other strike action occurred throughout the city often involving violent action between police and strikers.

William Murphy

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A police baton charge on a meeting where Larkin was speaking on August 31 resulted in the deaths of two protestors and injuries to hundreds – police and civilians.

While Murphy controlled much of the media commentary in his role as proprietor of the Irish Independent, many prominent Irish nationalists and intellectuals lent support to the strikers including George Bernard Shaw, William Butler Yeats, Patrick Pearse,  Pádraic Colum and AE Russell who wrote a stinging open letter to Dublin employers citing “an oligarchy of four hundred masters deciding openly upon starving one hundred thousand people.”

“You are bad citizens, for we rarely, if ever, hear of the wealthy among you endowing your city with the munificent gifts which it is the pride of merchant princes in other cities to offer, and Irishmen not of your city who offer to supply the wants left by your lack of generosity are met with derision and abuse. Those who have economic power have civic power also, yet you have not used the power that was yours to right what was wrong in the evil administration of this city. You have allowed the poor to be herded together so that one thinks of certain places in Dublin as a pestilence. There are twenty thousand rooms, in each of which live entire families, and sometimes more, where no functions of the body can be concealed, and delicacy and modesty are creatures that are stifled ere they are born……………. (A)and you determined deliberately, in cold anger, to starve out one third of the population of this city, to break the manhood of the men by the sight of the sufferings of their wives and the hunger of their children.

Eventually the strike petered out mainly through desperation, but it was the first time in Ireland that employers and labor understood the power of organized activity by the labor movement.

Writer and Commentator Æ Russell

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1921: Eamonn De Valera – President of Dail Eireann

Eamonn De Valera is elected as President of the Republic by Dail Eireann. De Valera’s title was not recognized by Britain. He would remain President until defeated on the vote on the Treaty in January 1922. The history of Ireland is full of many sad ironies. He is proposed for President by Sean MacEoin and seconded by General Richard Mulcahy — both of whom later line up against him in the Civil War.

Eamonn De Valera

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

August 20,

Phil Lynott – Bernardo O’Higgins – Irish Oath of Allegiance at Today in Irish History

August 20: TODAY in Irish History:

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Slane Phil Lynott

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1778: Bernardo O’Higgins

Birth of Bernardo O’Higgins, Chilean independence leader and founding father of Chile in Chillán about 250 miles south of the country’s capital, Santiago. . O’Higgins was the illegitimate son of Sligo born Ambrose Bernard O’Higgins, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru. O’Higgins senior had emigrated initially to Spain before settling in Chile.

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Bernardo O'Higgins
Bernardo O’Higgins 1778-1842

FOR MORE ON THE O’HIGGINS CLAN

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1919: Dail Eireann Oath of Allegiance

At a meeting of Dail Eireann (the Irish Parliament not recognized by Britain)  Secretary of Defence, Cathal Brugha called for all TDs (Members of Parliament) to swear allegiance to the new parliament.

Every person and every one of those bodies undermentioned must swear allegiance to the Irish Republic and to the Dáil:

1. The Deputies.

2. The Irish Volunteers.

3. The Officers and Clerks to the Dáil.

4. Any other body or individual who in the opinion of the Dáil should take the same Oath.”

The proposed oath read:

“I, A.B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I do not and shall not yield a voluntary support to any pretended Government, authority or power within Ireland hostile and inimical thereto, and I do further swear (or affirm) that to the best of my knowledge and ability I will support and defend the Irish Republic and the Government of the Irish Republic, which is Dáil Eireann, against all enemies, foreign and domestic, and I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same, and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, so help me, God.”

Cathal brugha at Today in Irish History
Cathal brugha who proposed oath of allegiance to Dail Eireann

FOR DETAILS OF DAIL DEBATE

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1949: Rock Star Phil Lynott

Irish rock star, bassist, singer and founder of Thin Lizzy, Phil Lynott is born in England to single mom Phyllis Lynott. At about age four, Lynott moved to Dublin to live with his maternal grandmother. At a time when Dublin was a very homogeneous white society, Lynott did suffer some racial prejudice. Still in his teens, he played with Skid Row, (the Irish band featuring Gary Moore, Brush Shiels, Noel Bridgeman).  He went on to have worldwide success with Thin Lizzy.

The band’s first major hit was a rock version of the traditional Irish song Whiskey in the Jar, later covered by Metallica who credit Lynott and Lizzy for much of their early motivation. Thin Lizzy is probably best known for The Boys are Back in Town. U2 frontman Bono says of Lynott “If lyrical and musical ability has to be matched with showmanship, attitude, style, if that’s your version of rock ’n’ roll, there’s no way past Phil Lynott. He’s at the top of the tree.” Lynott and Lizzy were also a major influence on Metallica who often play a version of Whiskey in the Jar at concerts.

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Phil lynott statue Dublin

Life size statue of Phil Lynott, Dublin

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Lynott lived the archetypical rock star life style consumed with drugs and alcohol which eventually took his life at the young age of 36. Metallica’s James Hetfeld was also a fan of Lynott’s often autobiographical songwriting “The struggles that he wrote about, with drugs, drink, ethnicity, all of those things, they almost speak louder now.”

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Phil Lynott with fellow Legend Rory Gallagher

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Phil Lynott Documentary

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1988: IRA Bus Bomb Kills 8 soldiers at Ballygawley, Co. Tyrone

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)