Posts tagged ‘fianna fail’

August 15,

IRA Kills 29 in Omagh Bombing – Taoiseach Jack Lynch – Cromwell in Ireland

August 15: TODAY in Irish History:

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Omagh bombing support group report intelligence

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1649: Cromwell Lands in Ireland

Oliver Cromwell arrives in Ireland and soon all hell will break lose. Indeed, Cromwell will famously tell the Irish “To Hell or Connaught.” Cromwell had been appointed by Parliament as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and landed at Dublin with troop numbers of at least 13,000.

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Oliver Cromwell at Today in Irish History portrait British National Portrait Gallery

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Over the next few months, he would lay siege to Drogheda and massacre most of the inhabitants. Soon Wexford would suffer the same fate where an estimated 2,000 defenders and civilians were shown no quarter. In both cities, it is estimated at least 2,000 civilians died. Clonmel and Kilkenny were the only cities where Cromwell showed mercy to the inhabitants.

Cromwell’s defenders will claim that his actions were not so much anti-Irish as anti-Catholic and that it was not unusual in those days to put a besieged town to the sack. It’s not an argument the Irish have much sympathy for and he is probably the most reviled person in Irish history and indeed Scotland. By the time he left Ireland in 1650, he had destroyed any serious resistance to English occupation.

Tragically, the effects of Cromwell on Irish History would still be playing out 349 years later on this day with the Omagh bombing of 1998. See below.

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1917: Taoiseach and Hurling Legend Jack Lynch

Jack Lynch, Taoiseach and GAA Hurling star is born in Cork.

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Lynch was Taoiseach during a particularly difficult time in 20th Century Irish history 1966-1973 when the Troubles in Northern Ireland erupted and a Southern government was riven by actions that should be taken. He sacked two ministers Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney for their alleged involvement in diverting government funds to support IRA gun-running. In criminal proceedings, both were found not guilty of gun running although Haughey – probably the most corrupt politician in  Republic of Ireland history –  probably perjured himself during the trial.

Despite some mis-steps, Lynch’s even hand ensured relatively good relationships with  Britain during an explosive period including the Bloody Sunday shootings and the burning of the British Embassy in Dublin .

Lynch’s second tenure in power between 1977-1979 was riven by internal Fianna Fail disquiet as Charles Haughey engineered his successful efforts to gain leadership of the party and thus Taoiseach. Although a likeable man, Lynch was not above blatant manoevering for political benefit. Fianna Fail’s return to power in 1977 was on the back of a promise to abolish rates on private houses – an action that was totally unjustified and one that the Irish economy still suffers from today supported as it is by a very narrow tax base.

In his younger days, Jack Lynch was a superb hurler and footballer winning one All Ireland football medal and five All Ireland hurling medals for the rebel county.

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1998: IRA Bomb Omagh – 29 Killed

Omagh bombing support group report intelligence

An IRA bomb explodes in Omagh, Co. Tyrone killing 29 people. As a result of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, the people of Northern Ireland thought they had seen the end of violence. However, a tiny breakaway group of IRA dissidents who called themselves The Real IRA thought otherwise and continued the campaign to rid Northern Ireland of   “British occupation.” The events of Omagh were a microcosm of how both Republican and Loyalist paramilitaries operated over the previous thirty years. A  tiny minority intent on destruction provided poor telephoned bomb warnings to the authorities. In the confusion and it appears general laxness of residents and police authorities, the victims were unknowingly shepherded close to the car that contained 500 lbs of explosives. The victims never had a chance.

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Although Prime Minister Tony Blair promised that the bombers would be pursued “to the utmost,” no one has ever been convicted of the bombings. It is generally accepted that the authorities on both sides of the border “know” who the bombers are, but have not been able to provide evidence. Republican Michael McKevitt was found liable in civil court   of responsibility for the bombing.

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omagh bombing at today in Irish History
The red car some minutes before the bomb. (Source Wikipedia)

For Extensive Details of Omagh Bombing

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

July 15,

Air Ace Paddy Finucane – Seán Lemass – Death of Countess Markivicz

July 15: TODAY in Irish History:

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paddy Finucane RAF pilot

Dublin born RAF air ace Paddy Finucane.     Note shamrock on plane

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

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1899: Seán Lemass

Sean Lemass image

Future Taoiseach Seán Lemass is born in Dublin. Lemass would bring elements of modern international thinking and economics to a nation bedevilled by De Valera’s isolationist and anti-English thinking. His partnership in economic affairs with Sean T. Whitaker is seen by many as the start of modern Ireland.

A veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising, the War of Independence and the Civil War, Lemass was first elected as a Sinn Féin Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South constituency in a by-election on 18 November 1924 and was re-elected at each election until his retirement in 1969. He was a founder-member of Fianna Fáil in 1926, serving in numerous cabinet positions under Eamonn De Valera until he became Taoiseach in 1959.

sean lemass 1924 election
A victorious Sean Lemass 1924 General Election

In 1965 Lemass met the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (Terence O’Neill) meet for the first time since the partition of Ireland in 1922. It was a truly historic meeting that began a thaw in relations between the two states. The meeting at Stormont Castle of two distrustful parties was so momentous and prone to disruption that it was not announced prior to the event. The meeting evoked generally positive reaction in the Republic but caused major problems for O’Neill. While moderate unionists supported talks on non-constitutional issues such as co-operation on tourism, the meeting did not sit well with Protestant fundamentalist like Rev. Ian Paisley who saw it as the start of a sell out. O’Neill paid a reciprocal visit to Dublin in February.

Terence O'Neill and Sean Lemass
Terence O’Neill and Sean Lemass
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1927: Death of Irish revolutionary and 1916 participant Countess Markievicz.

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Countess_Markiewicz 1868-1927

She was born Constance Georgine Gore-Booth  to English Protestant Ascendency in London in 1868. Her family had a property in County Sligo where she spent much of your youth and became friendly with William Butler Yeats.

At an early age, she developed a strong passion for helping the poor, the women’s suffragette movement and Irish nationalism.

Countess Markievicz Timeline:

1902: While in France Constance met and married a Polish-Russian nobleman, Count Casimir Markiewicz.

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1908: Joins Sinn Fein

1911: Arrested for protesting visit of King George V to Ireland

1913: Joined Irish Citizens Army

1916: Involved in Rising in Dublin. Sentenced to death but commuted.

Constance Markievicz mug shot
Constance Markievicz mug shot. She was arrested numerous times, both by British and Free State authorites

1917: Released from prison as part of a general amnesty.

1918: Is the first woman to be elected to the House of Commons in the General Election. As with all Sinn Fein MPs, she refuses to take her seat.

1922: Votes against the Anglo-Irish Treaty and joins with De Valera and others in Irish Civil War fighting Free State forces led by Michael Collins.

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READ: More on COUNTESS MARKIEVICZ

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SEE: Lisadell House (home of Countess Markievicz)

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1942: Irish Air Ace Paddy Finucane Killed

paddy Finucane RAF pilot

– Brendan (‘Paddy’) Finucane from Rathmines, Co.  Dublin – the RAF’s youngest ever Wing Commander at 21 years of age – is shot down and killed off the French coast. He had 32 confirmed “kills.” Finucane – whose father fought in Boland’s Mill with Eamonn De Valera against the English in the 1916 Rising – joined the RAF in 1938.

Air Aces of WW2 writes of Finucane’s demise:

“After attacking German shipping at Ostend and strafing three German airfields on July 15th, 1942, Finucane’s wing regrouped to return to Hornchurch. As the group passed low-level over the beach at Pointe Du Touquet, Finucane’s Spitfire was hit by machine gun fire that severely damaged his radiator. The engine overheated and quit, and the Spitfire was too low to allow Finucane to bail out. Losing altitude swiftly, Paddy was heard to say; “This is it, Chaps.” Witnesses reported that after a near perfect “splash” the Shamrock-Spit sank like a stone, and despite all efforts, was never to be seen again.”

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LISTEN to superb RTE Radio documentary on Paddy Finucane. Available in podcast.

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shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)