Posts tagged ‘Irish nobel prize winners’

October 23,

Frederick Douglass Visits Cork – Charles Haughey Acquitted – Beckett Nobel Prize

October 23: TODAY in Irish History:

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1845: Frederick Douglass in Cork

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass speaks to a packed house in Cork on the subject of slavery.

“In the name of Christianity, I demand that people of these countries be interested in the question of slavery! In vain may the slaveowner tell you it is no concern of yours. Mr. President, it belongs to the whole nation of America; and to the Irishmen, not because they are Irish, but because they are MEN. Slavery is so gigantic that it cannot be coped with by one nation.—Hence I would have the intelligence and humanity of the entire people of Ireland against that infamous system.”

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland
Douglass Mural Belfast where he spent some time on his Irish visit

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READFrederick Douglass Speech in Cork

Two days previously Douglass had spoken to another Cork audience on Slavery and Temperance

READ: Frederick Douglass Cork Speech on Slavery and Temperance

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1969: Samuel Beckett wins Nobel Prize

Dublin born (1906Samuel Beckett  is awarded Nobel Prize for Literature  “for his writing, which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation.”

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samuel beckett irish nobel prize winner
Samuel Beckett 1906-1989

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At the presentation speech, some weeks later, Karl Ragnar Gierow, of the Nobel Prize Academy said “Mix a powerful imagination with a logic in absurdum, and the result will be either a paradox or an Irishman. If it is an Irishman, you will get the paradox into the bargain.”

READ: Samuel Beckett bio

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1970: Charles Haughey Acquited

Government Minister Charles HaugheyCaptain James Kelly, Belfast republican John Kelly and Belgian Albert Luykx were acquited of attempting to import arms into Ireland on behalf of the IRA.

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Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey arms trial
Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey

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Haughey spent a number of years in the political wilderness before becoming Taoiseach in December 1979. He would prove to be the most divisive and most corrupt politician to take office in post-civil war Ireland. Columnist Bruce Arnold summed up the charismatic Haughey “Skilful, adroit, ambitious, but also fearful and feared, devious and dishonest, by the time his end came his reputation, once very high indeed, was in tatters.”

READ: Charles Haughey and the Arms Crisis

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2001: IRA Decommissions Arms

 The Northern Ireland peace process reaches an historic breakthrough as the IRA announce the the decommissioning of weapons. The IRA statement read in part: “In order to save the peace process we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD [Independent International Commission on Decommissioning] in August 2001.”

“The IRA is committed to our republican objectives and to the establishment of a united Ireland based on justice, equality and freedom.

In August l994, against a background of lengthy and intensive discussions involving the two governments and others, the leadership of the IRA called a complete cessation of military operations in order to create the dynamic for a peace process.

Decommissioning’ was no part of that. There was no ambiguity about this. Unfortunately there are those within the British establishment and the leadership of unionism who are fundamentally opposed to change. At every opportunity they have used the issue of arms as an excuse to undermine and frustrate progress.

It is for this reason that decommissioning was introduced to the process by the British Government. It has been used since to prevent the changes that a lasting peace requires.

In order to overcome this and to encourage the changes necessary for a lasting peace, the leadership of Oglaigh nah Eireann (IRA) has taken a number of substantial initiatives.

These include our engagement with the IICD (Independent International Commission on Decommissioning) and the inspection of a number of arms dumps by the two international inspectors, Cyril Ramaphosa and Martti Ahtisaari.

No one should doubt the difficulties these initiatives cause for us, our volunteers and our supporters.

The political process is now on the point of collapse. Such a collapse would certainly, and eventually, put the overall peace process in jeopardy.

There is a responsibility upon everyone seriously committed to a just peace to do our best to avoid this.

Therefore, in order to save the peace process, we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD in August.

Our motivation is clear. This unprecedented move is to save the peace process and to persuade others of our genuine intentions.

“Signed: P O’Neill.”

“P O’Neill” is the standard signature used in all public announcements by the Provisional IRA

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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January 26,

The Playboy of the Western World – Sean MacBride – Irish Holocaust Memorial

January 26: TODAY in Irish History:

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Sean MacBride

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1904: Sean MacBride is born in Paris

Macbride was the son of executed 1916 leader Major John MacBride and Maud Gonne, the love of William Butler Yeats’ life. Macbride’s illustrious history included fighting in the Irish War of Independence, siding with Anti-Treaty forces in the Irish Civil War before going on to become an acclaimed international jurist and advocate for peace. MacBride was a co-founder of Amnesty International, Secretary-General of the International Commission of Jurists, and UN Commissioner for Namibia.  He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1974.

Sean MacBride
Sean MacBride

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READ: Sean MacBride’s Nobel Peace Prize speech

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1907: Playboy of the Western World Opens

actors Sara Allgood ("Widow Quinn") and J. M. Kerrigan ("Shawn Keogh"), in The Playboy of the Western World, Plymouth Theatre, Boston, 1911
actors Sara Allgood (“Widow Quinn”) and J. M. Kerrigan (“Shawn Keogh”), in The Playboy of the Western World, Plymouth Theatre, Boston, 1911

John Millington Synge’s Playboy of the Western World opens at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin to riots, literally! What happened is best described by two telegrams Yeats (a founder of the Abbey) received while he was in Aberdeen from a fellow Abbey supporter Lady Gregory. Telegram one read “Play a great success.” Two acts later, she updated the great poet, “Play broke up in disorder at the word ‘shift’,” (Yes, they rioted over the mention of a piece of lady’s underwear)  riots  which the Irish Independent deemed “a tribute to the good taste and common sense of the audience”.

The offending sentence spoken by Christy, the eponymous Playboy of the Western world was “It’s Pegeen I’m seeking only, and what’d I care if you brought me a drift of chosen females, standing in their shifts itself, maybe, from this place to the Eastern World?”

Many years later, William Butler Yeats would berate Irish society when commenting on another set of riots that occurred after the opening of Sean O’Casey’s  The Plough and the Stars in 1926. “You have disgraced yourselves again. Is this to be an ever-recurring celebration of the arrival of Irish genius? Synge first and then O’Casey?

Synge died at the tragically young age of thirty-seven from cancer.

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2003: Holocaust Memorial Day – Government Apology

The first Holocaust Memorial Day is held in Ireland. Justice Minister Michael McDowell apologized for an Irish wartime policy that was inspired by “a culture of muted anti-semitism in Ireland.” He said that “at an official level the Irish state was at best coldly polite and behind closed doors antipathetic, hostile and unfeeling toward the Jews”.

The Stephen Roth Institute suggests “only 30 Jews were given asylum before the war, none during it, and only a handful afterwards.”

Although not directly related, one of the less savory incidents in Irish diplomatic history occurred May 2nd 1945, when Taoiseach Eamonn De Valera called on Dr. Hempel, the German minister in Dublin,to express his condolences on the death of Hitler. De Valera justified it stating it was normal diplomatic etiquette for a neutral state, as he stated in a letter to the Irish envoy in Washington: “So long as we retained our diplomatic relations with Germany, to have failed to call upon the German representative would have been an act of unpardonable discourtesy to the German nation and to Dr Hempel himself.”

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READ: Ireland and the Jewish Community

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)