Posts tagged ‘Irish War of Independence – Truce’

July 11,

Irish War of Independence – Truce. First Chief Justice of Ireland on this day in Irish History. .

July 11: TODAY in Irish History:


Today in Irish History: Curated by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Chicago Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.


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1879: Birth of Hugh Kennedy who became the first Chief Justice of the Irish Free State. states: He became Attorney General in 1922 and was elected TD (parliamentary deputy) for the constituency of South Dublin in 1923. He became the first Chief Justice of the Irish Free State in 1924 and held office until his sudden death in 1936. Among his most significant decisions were Moore v. Attorney General (1934), in which a claim by a company to fishing rights in the tidal portion of the River Erne, based on the ancient Brehon law, was rejected following a historical overview of the interaction between the Brehon law and the common law. He also presided over the Supreme Court in The State (Ryan) v. Lennon (1935), in which the Court held that the parliament had the power to amend the 1922 Constitution by ordinary legislation. Chief Justice Kennedy’s famous dissent is regarded as the foundation of the subsequent “natural law” approach of the Supreme Court to the Constitution.

Chief Justice Hugh Kennedy

Chief Justice Hugh Kennedy seated third from right at Constitution Committee meeting


1920: Alexander Will, from Forfar in Scotland, is the first Temporary Constable (Black and Tan) to die in the Irish War of Independence. He is killed during an IRA attack on the RIC barracks in Rathmore, County Kerry.


 1921: At noon, the Irish War of Independence effectively ends as Britain and Irish forces agree a truce which had been formally agreed two days previously. The Anglo-Irish Treaty would be signed in December and all British forces would leave the Irish Free State (twenty-six counties) by middle of 1922.

It was a brutal war up to the end. The day before the Truce, five IRA members and four English troops were killed in a firefight in Castlemaine, Co. Kerry. The ceasefire came under pressure through 1922, but in general held. The IRA continued their campaign in Northern Ireland and violence would erupt consistently for the next eighty years.


1932: Extract from the minutes of a meeting of the Cabinet indicates that the Cabinet was beginning to think more globally.

Development of Markets other than British:

It was decided that the Acting Minister for Industry and Commerce should cause preliminary investigations to be made as to possibilities of developing markets other than British, and to report thereon in due course to the Cabinet.

1938: British garrison which still controlled key Irish ports finally hands them over to the Irish army, seventeen years after the Treaty. Churchill’s view was that the ports were of strategic importance and should not have been handed over. The handover probably ensured Ireland was able to maintain neutrality during World War II, as had they stayed in British hands, it is almost certain they would have been bombed aggressively by Germany.

british garrison leaving Spike Island Cork 1938

British garrison leaving Spike Island Cork 1938


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