Posts tagged ‘James Craig’

December 7,

Northern Ireland Opts Out of Free State. Dev Gets Upset at Today in Irish History

Dec 7: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1879: Birth of Austin Stack.

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Austin Stack 1879-1929

Austin Stack 1879-1929

Austin Stack, 1916 rebel and Anti-Treaty nationalist is born in Co. Kerry.In 1916 Stack was commandant of the Kerry Brigade of the Volunteers and involved in the attempt at arms importation by Roger Casement at Banna Strand. Both men were arrested as a result of the botched operation.

Stack was originally sentenced to death for his activities during 1916. As a Sinn Fein abstentionist candidate, he was elected MP for Kerry West in 1918. He fought in the Irish Civil War against the Treaty, was captured by government troops and spent 41 days on hunger strike. He was released in 1924.

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1921: De Valera Summons Collins, Griffith to Emergency Meeting

Disturbed at reports from London as to the Treaty signature,  a furious De Valera issues an announcement that “In view of the nature of the proposed treaty with Great Britain, President De Valera has sent an urgent summons to the members of the cabinet in London to report at once so that a full cabinet decision may be taken.”

SEE: Handwritten government minute.

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1922: Northern Ireland Opts Out of Free State

One day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty granting Ireland independence as a Dominion of Great Britain, the parliament of Northern Ireland exercises its option to opt out of the Irish Free State and petitions King George V:

“MOST GRACIOUS SOVEREIGN, We, your Majesty’s most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Senators and Commons of Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, having learnt of the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act, 1922, being the Act of Parliament for the ratification of the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland, do, by this humble Address, pray your Majesty that the powers of the Parliament and Government of the Irish Free State shall no longer extend to Northern Ireland.”

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Dear King George......

Dear King George……

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Thus six counties of the north of Ireland – Antrim, Armagh, Tyrone, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry become an autonomous entity of Northern Ireland within the United Kingdom.

When Michael Collins and colleagues agreed the treaty in December 1921, they believed that a promised Boundary Commission would significantly alter the partition of Ireland and drastically reduce the size of the proposed Northern Ireland. The Boundary Commission proved to be totally ineffective and Northern Ireland remained as six counties. The first Prime of Northern Ireland was hard line unionist James Craig who was to state “All I boast of, is that we are a Protestant Parliament and a Protestant State,” echoing to some extent what De Valera would state later about the Catholic Irish Free State.

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James Craig, PM Northern Ireland

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1972: Catholic Church Loses “Special Position”

Irish people approved The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1972 which removed the “special position” of the Catholic Church in Irish law. The amendment was approved by 84% of the voters.

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

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January 8,

1st Northern Ireland PM James Craig

January 8: TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by For the Love of Being Irish)

1871: James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon,the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland is born in Belfast.

James Craig, First Prime Minister Northern Ireland

James Craig

Craig was a dominant and domineering figure in Irish politics during the first half of the 20th century and particularly during and after the partition of Ireland. An avid loyalist and member of the Orange Order, who boasted of Northern Ireland “a Protestant Parliament and a Protestant State.” To be fair, this comment was not that different to De Valera’s view that the Free State was a “Catholic nation.” As Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from 1921-1940, he oversaw a concerted program of blatant discrimination against Catholics, almost all of whom were of Nationalist (anti-English) persuasion.

1922: Intermittent sectarian violence continues in Belfast. Two Catholics are killed in separate incidents on this day, but both sides (Catholic and Protestant) are involved in ongoing vicious and fatal attacks.

2009: The Celtic Tiger suffers one of many blows as Dell announces it is cutting 1,900 jobs at its manufacturing plant in Limerick. Dell opened its first manufacturing plant in Ireland eighteen years previously.

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

Editor of Today in Irish History, Conor Cunneen is just the 63rd person in the history of Toastmasters International to be awarded Accredited Speaker designation. As a Chicago based professional speaker, this Irishman’s client base ranges from Harley-Davidson to Helsinki, from Memphis to Madrid as he Energizes, Educates and Entertains his audience to grow their business, people, teamwork and productivity. Here is a clip of Conor in action speaking about the Brand Experience.

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For the Love of Being Irish written by Chicago based Corkman Conor Cunneen and illustrated by Mark Anderson which is an A-Z of all things Irish. This is a book that contains History, Horror, Humor, Passion, Pathos and Lyrical Limericks that will have you giving thanks (or wishing you were) For the Love of Being Irish

Watch For the Love of Being Irish author Conor Cunneen – IrishmanSpeaks on his Youtube channel IrishmanSpeaks. Laugh and Learn.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. Conor Cunneen is just the 63rd person in the history of Toastmasters International to be awarded Accredited Speaker designation. If you spot any inaccuracies in these posts or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaksto Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History. Toastmasters Accredited Speaker Program.