Posts tagged ‘land league’

October 14,

New York Born Eamonn De Valera – The Man who gave us Boycott – Thomas Davis at Today in Irish History

October 14: TODAY in Irish History:

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De Valera captured 1916

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1791: Society of United Irishmen

Society of United Irishmenfounded at a meeting attended by Wolfe Tone, Henry Joy McCracken and Thomas Russell. One of the resolutions passed read: That no reform is just which does not include Irishmen of every religious persuasion.

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1814: Thomas Davis – Young Irelander

Thomas Davis, writer, poet and architect the Young Ireland movement is born in Mallow. In his short thirty one years, Davis made a major contribution to Irish history.  He was one of the leading lights of the Young Ireland movement, editor of The Nation newspaper and composed one of Ireland’s most famous nationalist songs A Nation Once Again. He also wrote wrote the Lament for Owen Roe O’Neill.

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Thomas Davis Irish poet and nationalist
Thomas Davis 1814-1845

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1880: Captain Charles Boycott – The Man Behind the Word

Charles Boycott 1832-1897
Charles Boycott 1832-1897

Captain Charles Boycott, who would be responsible for giving the English language the word “boycott” writes to the Times of London about his situation in Ireland.

THE STATE OF IRELAND

Sir, The following detail may be interesting to your readers as exemplifying the power of the Land League. On the 22nd September a process-server, escorted by a police force of seventeen men, retreated to my house for protection, followed by a howling mob of people, who yelled and hooted at the members of my family. On the ensuing day, September 23rd, the people collected in crowds upon my farm, and some hundred or so came up to my house and ordered off, under threats of ulterior consequences, all my farm labourers, workmen, and stablemen, commanding them never to work for me again.

My herd has been frightened by them into giving up his employment, though he has refused to give up the house he held from me as part of his emolument. Another herd on an off farm has also been compelled to resign his situation. My blacksmith has received a letter threatening him with murder if he does any more work for me, and my laundress has also been ordered to give up my washing. A little boy, twelve years of age, who carried my post-bag to and from the neighbouring town of Ballinrobe, was struck and threatened on 27th September, and ordered to desist from his work; since which time I have sent my little nephew for my letters and even he, on 2nd October, was stopped on the road and threatened if he continued to act as my messenger.

The shopkeepers have been warned to stop all supplies to my house, and I have just received a message from the post mistress to say that the telegraph messenger was stopped and threatened on the road when bringing out a message to me and that she does not think it safe to send any telegrams which may come for me in the future for fear they should be abstracted and the messenger injured. My farm is public property; the people wander over it with impunity. My crops are trampled upon, carried away in quantities, and destroyed wholesale. The locks on my gates are smashed, the gates thrown open, the walls thrown down, and the stock driven out on the roads. I can get no workmen to do anything, and my ruin is openly avowed as the object of the Land League unless I throw up everything and leave the country. I say nothing about the danger to my own life, which is apparent to anybody who knows the country.

CHARLES C. BOYCOTT

Lough Mask House, County Mayo, 14 October

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READ: Relief of Captain Boycott

 

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1882: Eamonn De Valera born in New York City

“Dev” is born in New York city to parents Catherine Coll from County Limerick and Juan de Valera, a Cuban immigrant. He would become one of the leading lights of Irish nationalism, independence, the civil war and twentieth century Irish politics.

De Valera fought in the 1916 Rising and only avoided execution either because he was an American Citizen or because British authorities called a halt to any further execution of the leaders of the Rising.

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De Valera captured 1916
Captured de Valera 1916 Rising

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He spent much of the Irish War of Independence in the United States, generating support and funding for an independent Ireland.

Dev’s reluctance to get directly involved in the Anglo Irish Treaty negotiations has intrigued historians for years. His subsequent refusal to accept the Treaty and a democratic vote in the Dail Eireann, (Irish Parliament) led to the Irish Civil War.

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de valera anti-treaty
de Valera with Anti-Treaty TDs 1922

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Conspiracy theorists blame de Valera for the death of Michael Collins, but there is little evidence that he directly ordered the death of The Big Fella.

An immensely skilled politician, he reneged on much of his rhetoric when he agreed in 1927 to enter Dail Eireann reciting the Oath of Allegiance which he described as “an empty formula.”

Once he gained power in 1932, he removed the Oath of Allegiance actively encouraged Irish self-sufficiency encouraging economic protectionism which was not to the country’s benefit and was not afraid to bring the full rigor of the law on many of his former IRA colleagues who continued a campaign for independence.

Securing control of the Irish ports from Britain in 1938 played a major role in keeping Ireland “neutral” during World War II.

De Valera’s decision to visit and offer condolences to the German Ambassador on the death of Adolf Hitler amazed and infuriated world opinion.

In 1959, he relinquished parliamentary politics and became President of  Ireland for two seven year terms.

Founding of Fianna Fáil

Disillusioned with the abolitionist policies of Sinn Fein, de Valera founded the Fianna Fáil party in 1926. Although the party would dominate much of Irish politics for the rest of the century, the party’s manifesto was an optimistic, utopian document that is some way from being achieved.

1.To secure the unity and independence of Ireland as a Republic.

2.To restore the Irish language as the spoken language of the people, and to develop a distinctive national life in accordance with Irish traditions and ideals.

3.To make the resources and wealth of Ireland subservient to the needs and welfare of all the people of Ireland.

4.To make Ireland, as far as possible, economically self-contained and self-sufficing.

5.To establish as many families as practicable on the land.

6.By suitable distribution of power to promote the ruralisation of industries essential to the lives of the people as opposed to their concentration in cities.

7.To carry out the Democratic Programme of the First Dáil.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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October 6,

Charles Stewart Parnell Dies in Brighton – Sinn Fein Leader Gerry Adams

October 6: TODAY in Irish History:

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Charles Stewart Parnell at today in Irish History

Charles Stewart Parnell

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1891: Death of Charles Stewart Parnell.

Irish Nationalist political leader, Charles Stewart Parnell dies in Brighton England. Parnell is one of the tragic characters of Irish politics. The disclosure of a long running affair with Katherine (Kitty) O’Shea, wife of Captain William O’Shea, who had been a Parnell supporter ended his political career and effectiveness. . The 1889 divorce action and resulting scandal destroyed Parnell’s reputation and effectively forced him out of politics.

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parnell final public appearance
Charles Stewart Parnell 1846-1891

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In 1875, Charles Stuart Parnell was elected to the House of Commons, as a Home Rule League Member of Parliament (MP) for County Meath. The protestant Parnell was a hugely popular and effective leader of the Irish land League and Home Rule movement. Parnell encouraged obstructionism (basically filibustering) in Parliament and encouraged Irish peasants to stop paying rent to landlords. Parnell’s activities prompted Prime Minister Gladstone to introduce the first Home Rule bill in 1886. The bill failed to pass.

O’Shea’s marriage to wife Kitty had been in name only for many years. It was public (though not publicized) knowledge that Parnell and Kitty O’Shea were lovers.  She bore three of his children.  O’Shea filed for divorce in 1889 citing Parnell as co-respondent. Parnell’s career was in ruins as Catholic Ireland and Victorian England reacted in horror to the public outing of his relationship. Just a few months after the divorce was finalized, a desperately ill Parnell married Kitty O’Shea. He only lived for another four months.

Parnell made his final public appearance at Creggs, Co. Galway on September 27th speaking to his dwindling group of supporters in torrential rain. Already in poor health, the drenching rain effectively proved fatal. He returned to his home in England and died aged but forty five accompanied by his beloved Kitty O’Shea.

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1948: Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams

Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams

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Gerry Adams is born in Belfast. Adams is one of the most divisive figures in Irish politics, loved and loathed, adored and distrusted with a passion by respective sides. He is currently TD (member of Irish parliament – Dail Eireann) for Co. Louth and President of socialist Republican party Sinn Fein. Although he absolutely and consistently denies it, there is a general acceptance in Ireland that Adams was a senior figure in the IRA during much of the troubles. The most damning allegation against Adams were made by deceased IRA veteran Brendan Hughes who in an interview with journalist Ed Moloney for his 2010 book Voices from the Grave said “I never carried out a major operation without the OK or the order from Gerry.” The allegations that Adams was leader of an IRA hit squad continue to haunt his political career.

Adams was one of the first militant Republican leaders to push for democratic activities and a ceasefire during the troubles. In 1988, while still a persona non-grata in mainstream political circles (and to many he still is), Adams (on behalf of the IRA political wing Sinn Fein) commenced secret discussions with John Hume of the SDLP about the possibility of peace negotiations. Ten years later, the Good Friday agreement which brought political stability to Ireland was signed.

Adams has proved himself to be an extremely capable political leader and a charismatic orator building Sinn Fein into one of the largest political parties in the Republic of Ireland. The political minefield of IRA membership and involvement in numerous killings will not go away. On September 29, 2012, Taoiseach Enda Kenny stated “”From all the evidence I have read and from all the evidence I have heard, I believe Gerry Adams was a member of the IRA and I was led to believe he was also a member of the army council.”

READA Battle for IRA Secrets

READ: Sinn Profile of Gerry Adams

READ: IRA Member Dolores Price Slams Adams

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)