Posts tagged ‘roger casement’

August 3,

Roger Casement Execution – Meagher of the Sword on this day in Irish History

August 3: TODAY in Irish History:

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Sir Roger Casement

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1823: Meagher of the Sword

One of the most iconic figures in nineteenth century Irish history, Thomas Francis Meagher (Meagher of the sword) is born in Waterford – Fenian, Irish Nationalist, leader of the Young Irelanders in the Rebellion of 1848. Sentenced to death for sedition (commuted)  Meagher was transported to Australia following the 1848 rebellion but escaped to America in 1852. When the Civil War started, he was instrumental in forming the Irish Brigade, which fought so valiantly in numerous conflicts including ChancellorsvilleFair Oaks and Fredericksburg. Meagher was a brave leader, loved by his men even though he often appeared quite callous in driving them forward to certain death. A sense of indiscipline (some might suggest alcohol) saw him ultimately fall foul of the not exactly abstemious Ulysses S. Grant. When the war ended, he was appointed Acting Governor of the (then) Territory of Nevada.

Meagher is credited with the origination of the Irish flag.

Following a visit to Paris, “the gay and gallant land of the tricolor” he presented a flag to attendees. “I present it to my native land, and I trust that the old country will not refuse this symbol of a new life from one of her youngest children. I need not explain its meaning. The quick and passionate intellect of the generation now springing into arm 3 will catch it at a glance. The white in the centre signifies a lasting truce between the Orange and the Green, and I trust that beneath its folds the hands of the Irish Protestant and the Irish Catho lic may be clasped in generous and heroic brotherhood.”

Thomas Francis Meagher 1823-1867

FOR MORE ON THOMAS FRANCIS MEAGHER

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1916: Roger Casement Execution

Sir Roger Casement

Roger Casement after his conviction

Roger Casement is executed for “High Treason.”  The Dublin born Casement was seen as a traitor by the British establishment for his efforts to import arms from WWI opponents Germany for the 1916 Rising. Captured after disembarking from a German submarine at Banna Strand, Co. Kerry, he was sentenced to death June 29, 1916. Casement’s crimes were seen as being particularly egregious as he had worked for many years in the British Diplomatic Service and had been conferred a Knight This title was stripped from him before his execution.

Former UK Chancellor Norman Lamont choose Casement’s speech from the dock as his “greatest speech of all time.” In it, Casement did not deny his activities but he did question England’s right to try him.

“This charge of high treason involves a moral responsibility, as the very terms of the indictment against myself recite, inasmuch as I committed the acts I am charged with to the “evil example of others in like case”. What was the evil example I set to others in the like case, and who were these others? The “evil example” charged is that I asserted the right of my own country and the “others” I appealed to, to aid my endeavour, were my own countrymen. The example was given, not to Englishmen, but to Irishmen, and the “like case” can never arise in England, but only in Ireland. To Englishmen I set no evil example, for I made no appeal to them. I asked no Englishman to help me. I asked Irishmen to fight for their rights. The “evil example” was only to other Irishmen, who might come after me, and in “like case” seek to do as I did. How, then, since neither my example, nor my appeal was addressed to Englishmen, can I be rightfully tried by them?”

Roger Casement and fellow Nationalist John Devoy

Roger Casement: Speech from the Dock.

For Detailed Bio of Roger Casement

Good Blog on Casement

 

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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September 13,

JFK got it wrong about The Irish Brigade. The Father of the US Navy John Barry. Irish VC Winner at Today in Irish History

September 13: TODAY in Irish History:

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Today in Irish History: Curated by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Chicago Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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September 13: TODAY in Irish History:

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The Father of the US Navy – John Barry

1803: John Barry, credited as “The Founder of the American Navy” dies. Barry was born in Tacumshane, Co Wexford March 25, 1745 to a poor tenant farming family who were at one stage evicted for inablity to pay rent. (A not uncommon occurrence in those days.) At about age 15, he emigrated to the United States.

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Commodore John Barry wexford born

Wexford born Commodore John Barry

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Barry was an exceptional sailor and military tactician. Over his 17 year service in the Navy, he was involved in numerous battles with English forces both on land and sea. In 1794 he was appointed the senior Captain of the newly established United States Navy.

READ: Biography of Commodore John Barry

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1833: James Quinlan – Medal of Honor Winner

Medal of Honor winner James Quinlan from County Tipperary

Medal of Honor winner James Quinlan from County Tipperary

James J. Quinlan (September 13, 1833 – August 29, 1906) was a Union Army officer during the American Civil War and a recipient of America’s highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Savage’s Station. His citations states he “led his regiment on the enemy’s battery, silenced the guns, held the position against overwhelming numbers, and covered the retreat of the Second Army Corps.”

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The Date John F Kennedy Got Wrong.

1862: This is an incident that DID NOT happen today in Irish history although JFK when speaking to Dail Eireann, June 28 1963 about the Irish Brigade might have led you to believe otherwise.

The dates Kennedy should have referenced re The Irish Brigade at the slaughter of Fredericksburg should have been the 13th day of December and not 13th September. He also got his geography mixed up. Fredericksburg where the battle took place is in Virginia and not Maryland!!

A surprising goof by his masterful speech writer Ted Sorensen. To be fair, Kennedy had just given his famous Ich Bin Ein Berliner speech at Berlin which probably consumed more of his and Sorensen’s thinking than a relatively light-hearted, inspirational address to the Irish parliament.

“The 13th day of September, 1862, will be a day long remembered in American history. At Fredericksburg, Maryland, thousands of men fought and died on one of the bloodiest battlefields of the American Civil War. One of the most brilliant stories of that day was written by a band of 1200 men who went into battle wearing a green sprig in their hats. They bore a proud heritage and a special courage, given to those who had long fought for the cause of freedom. I am referring, of course, to the Irish Brigade. General Robert E. Lee, the great military leader of the Southern Confederate Forces, said of this group of men after the battle, “The gallant stand which this bold brigade made on the heights of Fredericksburg is well known. Never were men so brave. They ennobled their race by their splendid gallantry on that desperate occasion. Their brilliant though hopeless assaults on our lines excited the hearty applause of our officers and soldiers.”

Of the 1200 men who took part in that assault, 280 survived the battle. The Irish Brigade was led into battle on that occasion by Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Meagher, who had participated in the unsuccessful Irish uprising of 1848, was captured by the British and sent in a prison ship to Australia from whence he finally came to America. In the fall of 1862, after serving with distinction and gallantry in some of the toughest fighting of this most bloody struggle, the Irish Brigade was presented with a new set of flags. In the city ceremony, the city chamberlain gave them the motto, “The Union, our Country, and Ireland forever.” Their old ones having been torn to shreds in previous battles, Capt. Richard McGee took possession of these flags on December 2d in New York City and arrived with them at the Battle of Fredericksburg and carried them in the battle. Today, in recognition of what these gallant Irishmen and what millions of other Irish have done for my country, and through the generosity of the “Fighting 69th,” I would like to present one of these flags to the people of Ireland.”

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Roger Casement

1914: Roger Casement met in Washington DC with Franz von Papen, the German military attaché to secure German support to overthrow British rule in Ireland. As The 1916 Rising was unfolding Casement was captured by English troops in Ireland. He was later executed for high treason.

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Sir Roger Casement

Roger Casement after his conviction

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Irish Victoria Cross Winner

1917: Twenty-two year old John Moyney from Rathdowney Co. Laois is involved in an action that wins him the Victoria Cross. His citation reads:

“On 13 September 1917 north of Broembeek, Belgium, Lance-Sergeant Moyney was in command of 15 men forming two advanced posts. Surrounded by the enemy he held his post for 96 hours, having no water and very little food. On the fifth day, on the enemy advancing to dislodge him, he attacked them with bombs, while also using his Lewis gun with great effect. Finding himself surrounded, he led his men in a charge through the enemy and reached a stream, where he and a private (Thomas Woodcock) covered his party while they crossed unscathed, before crossing themselves under a shower of bullets.”

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john moyney Irish VC winner

John Moyney Irish VC winner

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John Moyney survived the war and died in Roscrea, Co. Tipperary in 1980, aged 85.

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

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For the Love of Being Irish written by Chicago based Corkman Conor Cunneen and illustrated by Mark Anderson is an A-Z of all things Irish. This is a book that contains History, Horror, Humor, Passion, Pathos and Lyrical Limericks that will have you giving thanks (or wishing you were) For the Love of Being Irish

Watch For the Love of Being Irish author Conor Cunneen – IrishmanSpeaks on his Youtube channel IrishmanSpeaks. Laugh and Learn.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humoristIrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)