Posts tagged ‘this day in irish history’

June 30,

Siege of Athlone. 1798 Rebellion. Four Courts Destroyed on this day in Irish History

June 30: TODAY in Irish History:

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Today in Irish History: Curated by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Chicago Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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For a unique perspective on Ireland featuring History and Humor, BUY Author signed copy of For the Love of Being Irish

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1691: Another dark day in Irish military history as Athlone falls to the forces of Protestant King William of Orange who would eventually King of England, Scotland and Ireland. The siege of Athlone was a key conflict in what is known as The Williamite War which was a conflict between the last Catholic King of England, James II and Protestant forces of King William.

The Siege of Athlone

FOR MORE ON THE SIEGE OF ATHLONE

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1798: In what was a relatively small skirmish compared to the mayhem of previous weeks of the 1798 Rebellion, Irish rebels win a small victory against English troops at Ballyellis, Co. Wexford. It would be the last Irish victory in the most violent Irish rebellion in modern history. At least 10,000 died in a campaign that saw appalling atrocities inflicted by English and Irish.

SEE MORE ON 1798 REBELLION by Professor Thomas Bartlett, Professor of Modern Irish History at University College Dublin

For another perspective, see  The 1798 Rebellion and the Origins of Irish Republicanism.

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1922: Anti-Treaty forces abandon The Four Courts in Dublin which was bombarded for two days under the orders of Michael Collins. Tragically, the Irish Public Records Office which housed official documents, archives and artifacts from almost 1,000 years of Irish history was destroyed during the bombing.

Four Courts Dublin on fire

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1981: Garret Fitzgerald is elected Taoiseach and leader of a minority government composed of Fine Gael and Labour TDs (members of parliament.) Fitzgerald would be in power for only eight months before losing another general election to the charismatic, but crooked and profligate Charles Haughey. A third general election in an 18 month period (December 1982) would see Fitzgerald again in power, a position he held until 1987.

SEE MORE Irish Election Literature

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See hese images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

BUY Quality Quality Guinness and Ireland Rugby Shirts
Guinness Rugby Shirts - Brilliant!Rugby Shirt - Ireland


For the Love of Being Irish written by Chicago based Corkman Conor Cunneen and illustrated by Mark Anderson which is an A-Z of all things Irish. This is a book that contains History, Horror, Humor, Passion, Pathos and Lyrical Limericks that will have you giving thanks (or wishing you were) For the Love of Being Irish

Watch For the Love of Being Irish author Conor Cunneen – IrishmanSpeaks on his Youtube channel IrishmanSpeaks. Laugh and Learn.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humoristIrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish HistoryTODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)



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April 23,

Easter Sunday 1916: Printing of Irish Proclamation. Conscription General Strike in Ireland on this day in Irish History.

April 23: TODAY in Irish History (by IrishmanSpeaks) Twitter Icon

1916: Approximately 1,000 copies of The Proclamation of the Irish Republic are printed in Liberty Hall in a print office set up by James Connolly. The proclamation will be read by Patrick Pearse outside the General Post Office on Sackville Street (now called O’Connell Street) on Monday April 24th.

The proclamation was printed secretly on an old and poorly maintained Wharfedale Stop Cylinder Press in the printing office that had been set up by James Connolly in the basement in the original Liberty Hall in Beresford Place, Dublin. Source

All seven signatories of the Proclamation Pearse, James Connolly, Thomas Clarke, Thomas MacDonagh, Sean MacDermott, Joseph Plunkett and Eamonn Ceannt would be executed by British authorities.

Easter Sunday was a day of confusion and indecision amongst the rebel movement. The Irish Volunteers Chief of Staff, Eoin MacNeil cancels the planned manoeveres of volunteers in defiance of Patrick Pearse, by placing a notice in that morning’s newspapers. Pearse and company had expected the manoeveres to be the instigation of a Rising, he and his colleagues knew had little chance of success. McNeil’s cancellation occured partly because he had only just become aware of the true nature of the manoeveres and also due to the capture of Roger Casement and the major arms shipment aboard the Aud of the coast of Kerry.

Eoin MacNeill, Irish Volunteers Chief of Staff

An noon on Easter Sunday, Pearse and the Military Council decided to postpone the insurrection until the follow day, Easter Monday April 24th. Despite a long and bleak history of failed insurrections due to leaks and informers to British authorities, it appears that for once the Irish rebels were able to keep their plans secret.

1918: Irish Trade Unions call a general strike in protest against the imposition of conscription in Ireland. The British Military Service Act of 1916 introduced conscription into mainland Britain. At the time, Ireland was excluded. However, with manpower at a  critical level in 1918, the government of Lloyd George started agitating for conscription of Irish males and on April 16, 1918 formally extending conscription to Ireland. Not surprisingly, it provoked a firestorm of resentment. While an estimated 200,000 Irish fought in the British Army during World War I, many had enlisted in the idealistic early days of 1914, partly prompted by Irish politician John Redmond, although the bulk of the soldiers were from Ulster.

Britain’s reaction to the 1916 Rising generated huge resentment and virulent opposition to most things English. Thus the proposed conscription legislation was seen as anathema to the Irish who no longer believed that the war to end all wars was to save the small countries of Europe.

The General Strike and anti-conscription activity gained huge support including a statement from the Irish Catholic hierarchy part of which read:

“To enforce conscription here without the consent of the people would be perfectly unwarrantable and would soon and inevitably end in defeating its own purposes.

‘Had the government in any reasonable time given Ireland the benefit of the principles, which are declared to be at stake in the war, by concession of a full measure of self-government, there would have been no occasion for contemplating forced levies for her now. What between mismanagement and mischief-making this country has already been deplorably upset, and it would be a fatal mistake, surpassing the worst blunders of the past four years, to furnish a plea now for desperate courses by an attempt to enforce conscription. With all the responsibility that attaches to our pastoral office, we feel bound to warn the government against entering on a policy so disastrous to the public interest, and to all order, public and private.”

In the light of intense opposition that almost certainly have led to violence, the British government did not implement conscription in Ireland.

Dublin Archbishop William Walsh who led opposition to conscription

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish
Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

BUY Quality Quality Guinness and Ireland Rugby Shirts
Guinness Rugby Shirts - Brilliant!Rugby Shirt - Ireland


For the Love of Being Irish written by Chicago based Corkman Conor Cunneen and illustrated by Mark Anderson which is an A-Z of all things Irish. This is a book that contains History, Horror, Humor, Passion, Pathos and Lyrical Limericks that will have you giving thanks (or wishing you were) For the Love of Being Irish

Watch For the Love of Being Irish author Conor Cunneen – IrishmanSpeaks on his Youtube channel IrishmanSpeaks. Laugh and Learn.

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humoristIrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaksto Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History