Irish at Battle of Alamo. General Philip Sheridan. Nationalist Leader John Redmond

March 6: TODAY in Irish History (by IrishmanSpeaks) Twitter Icon

1831: Birth of cival war general Philip Sheridan. Sheridan’s parents had emmigrated from County Cavan. Sheridan’s diminutive stature of 5 feet five inches earned him the nickname “Little Phil.) He was involved in the Battle of Perryville, Chickamauga and participated in the Chatanooga and Appotamatox campaigns.

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GeneralPhilip Sheridan

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Below: Portrayal of a mournful Philip Sheridan in John Ford’s Rio Grande

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In his wonderful memoir, Ulysses S. Grant writes of Sheridan:

“Sheridan was a first lieutenant in the regiment in which I had served eleven years, the 4th infantry, and stationed on the Pacific coast when the war broke out. He was promoted to a captaincy in May, 1861, and before the close of the year managed in some way, I do not know how, to get East. He went to Missouri. Halleck had known him as a very successful young officer in managing campaigns against the Indians on the Pacific coast, and appointed him acting-quartermaster in south-west Missouri. There was no difficulty in getting supplies forward while Sheridan served in that capacity; but he got into difficulty with his immediate superiors because of his stringent rules for preventing the use of public transportation for private purposes. He asked to be relieved from further duty in the capacity in which he was engaged and his request was granted. When General Halleck took the field in April, 1862, Sheridan was assigned to duty on his staff. During the advance on Corinth a vacancy occurred in the colonelcy of the 2d Michigan cavalry. Governor Blair, of Michigan, telegraphed General Halleck asking him to suggest the name of a professional soldier for the vacancy, saying he would appoint a good man without reference to his State. Sheridan was named; and was so conspicuously efficient that when Corinth was reached he was assigned to command a cavalry brigade in the Army of the Mississippi. He was in command at Booneville on the 1st of July with two small regiments, when he was attacked by a force full three times as numerous as his own. By very skilful manoeuvres and boldness of attack he completely routed the enemy. For this he was made a brigadier-general and became a conspicuous figure in the army about Corinth.”

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1836: Battle of the Alamo. An estimated 200 men die at the battle of the Alamo including Davy Crockett who was of Irish extraction. An estimated ten of the defenders were actually Irish born fighters. Some of the Irish who died include Samuel E. Burns (b.1810), Andrew Duvalt (b.1804) who immigrated to Texas by way of Missouri and settled in Gonzales. He was a plasterer by trade. James McGee, James Rusk, Burke Tranmel (b.1810), Sergeant William B. Ward (b.1806) When the Mexican army appeared on February 23, 1836, Ward was seen manning the artillery position at the Alamo’s main gate, while the rest of the garrison retreated into the Alamo. Source: Alamo.org

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1918: Death of Irish nationalist leader John Redmond. Although a somewhat peripheral figure in Irish politics following the 1916 rising, he had been hugely influential and effective in gaining acceptance for Irish Home Rule. In1912, the House of Commons passed the Irish Home Rule bill which allowed for Irish self-government. Unionist intransigence delayed implementation of Home Rule for two years. The commencement of World War I forced a further delay until after a war which was expected to be shortlived! It would be 1922 before Ireland reached any form of independence following a brutal war of Independence 1919-1921.

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Nationalist Leader John Redmond

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1921: New York Times runs a fascinating report on the death of Brigadier General H. R. Cumming in an IRA ambush in Co. Cork. See PDF.

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1988: Three IRA activists (two men, one woman) are shot dead in Gibraltar by the SAS. The three had primed a car bomb to explode 48 hours later during a ceremony involving the 1st Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment who had recently deployed from Northern Ireland.The shooting sparked massive controversy raising claims of a shoot-to-kill policy. The official response was that the SAS (aware of the IRA mission) thought the IRA members were about to detonate a bomb immediately. While the official inquest found the shootings justified, in 1995 the European Court of Justice ruled that the fundamental right to life of the IRA members had been violated.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker, humorous motivational speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaksto Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History

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