Archive for October, 2014

October 23,

Frederick Douglass Visits Cork – Charles Haughey Acquitted – Beckett Nobel Prize

October 23: TODAY in Irish History:

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

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1845: Frederick Douglass in Cork

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass speaks to a packed house in Cork on the subject of slavery.

“In the name of Christianity, I demand that people of these countries be interested in the question of slavery! In vain may the slaveowner tell you it is no concern of yours. Mr. President, it belongs to the whole nation of America; and to the Irishmen, not because they are Irish, but because they are MEN. Slavery is so gigantic that it cannot be coped with by one nation.—Hence I would have the intelligence and humanity of the entire people of Ireland against that infamous system.”

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frederick douglass mural belfast ireland
Douglass Mural Belfast where he spent some time on his Irish visit

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READFrederick Douglass Speech in Cork

Two days previously Douglass had spoken to another Cork audience on Slavery and Temperance

READ: Frederick Douglass Cork Speech on Slavery and Temperance

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1969: Samuel Beckett wins Nobel Prize

Dublin born (1906Samuel Beckett  is awarded Nobel Prize for Literature  “for his writing, which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation.”

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samuel beckett irish nobel prize winner
Samuel Beckett 1906-1989

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At the presentation speech, some weeks later, Karl Ragnar Gierow, of the Nobel Prize Academy said “Mix a powerful imagination with a logic in absurdum, and the result will be either a paradox or an Irishman. If it is an Irishman, you will get the paradox into the bargain.”

READ: Samuel Beckett bio

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1970: Charles Haughey Acquited

Government Minister Charles HaugheyCaptain James Kelly, Belfast republican John Kelly and Belgian Albert Luykx were acquited of attempting to import arms into Ireland on behalf of the IRA.

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Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey arms trial
Neil Blaney and Charles Haughey

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Haughey spent a number of years in the political wilderness before becoming Taoiseach in December 1979. He would prove to be the most divisive and most corrupt politician to take office in post-civil war Ireland. Columnist Bruce Arnold summed up the charismatic Haughey “Skilful, adroit, ambitious, but also fearful and feared, devious and dishonest, by the time his end came his reputation, once very high indeed, was in tatters.”

READ: Charles Haughey and the Arms Crisis

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2001: IRA Decommissions Arms

 The Northern Ireland peace process reaches an historic breakthrough as the IRA announce the the decommissioning of weapons. The IRA statement read in part: “In order to save the peace process we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD [Independent International Commission on Decommissioning] in August 2001.”

“The IRA is committed to our republican objectives and to the establishment of a united Ireland based on justice, equality and freedom.

In August l994, against a background of lengthy and intensive discussions involving the two governments and others, the leadership of the IRA called a complete cessation of military operations in order to create the dynamic for a peace process.

Decommissioning’ was no part of that. There was no ambiguity about this. Unfortunately there are those within the British establishment and the leadership of unionism who are fundamentally opposed to change. At every opportunity they have used the issue of arms as an excuse to undermine and frustrate progress.

It is for this reason that decommissioning was introduced to the process by the British Government. It has been used since to prevent the changes that a lasting peace requires.

In order to overcome this and to encourage the changes necessary for a lasting peace, the leadership of Oglaigh nah Eireann (IRA) has taken a number of substantial initiatives.

These include our engagement with the IICD (Independent International Commission on Decommissioning) and the inspection of a number of arms dumps by the two international inspectors, Cyril Ramaphosa and Martti Ahtisaari.

No one should doubt the difficulties these initiatives cause for us, our volunteers and our supporters.

The political process is now on the point of collapse. Such a collapse would certainly, and eventually, put the overall peace process in jeopardy.

There is a responsibility upon everyone seriously committed to a just peace to do our best to avoid this.

Therefore, in order to save the peace process, we have implemented the scheme agreed with the IICD in August.

Our motivation is clear. This unprecedented move is to save the peace process and to persuade others of our genuine intentions.

“Signed: P O’Neill.”

“P O’Neill” is the standard signature used in all public announcements by the Provisional IRA

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

October 22,

Kennedy Announces Cuba Crisis – Loyalist Leader Edward Carson – Today in Irish History

October 22: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

***********************

***********************

NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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1920: Toureen Ambush

In one of the first major engagements of the Irish War of Independence in the Cork area, about thirty members of the IRA West Cork Brigade ambush a British patrol. Five soldiers from the Essex Regiment of the British Army are killed. No IRA men were harmed.

The attack prompted the following exchange in the House of Commons the following week:

Mr. PENNEFATHER:   asked the Chief Secretary for Ireland what steps have 1956W been taken, or will be taken, to increase the number of armoured cars for the use of the military in Ireland, and to equip them with quick-firing guns in order to prevent, as far as possible, repetitions of what happened to soldiers of the Essex Regiment on Friday last?

Mr. CHURCHILL:   My right hon. Friend has asked me to reply. The question of the provision of armoured cars for use in Ireland is very seriously engaging the attention of the military authorities. Large numbers, armed with machine guns, are already in Ireland, and steps are being taken to effect a considerable increase in these numbers.

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1935: Death of Edward Carson

unionist edward carson
Edward Carson 1854-1935

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Dublin born Edward Carson was one of the giants of Ulster Unionism and a man who could be called the Father of Northern Ireland. Early in life, Carson was a very successful lawyer, At age thirty-five (1889), he became the youngest Queen’s Counsel in Ireland where he often represented landlords in their actions against non-rent paying tenants. In his most famous case, he represented the Marquess of Queensbury in his action against Oscar Wilde. Wilde is reported to have said “No doubt he will perform his task with the added bitterness of an old-friend.” Irrespective of emotion, Carson’s advocacy resulted in the (self-imposed) ruin of the great Irish wit who was prosecuted for perjury following the Queensbury trial.

Carson was not anti-Catholic, (he supported demands for a Catholic university) but he was totally opposed to Home Rule. He was a founding member of the Ulster Unionist party in 1905 and the para-military Ulster Volunteer Force in 1912. As with much of Ulster Unionism, Carson was a strong advocate of English law, until it impacted the union between Ireland and England. Carson was the first signatory of the Ulster Covenant in 1912, agreeing to use “all means necessary” to resist Home Rule.

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Ulster Covenant Edward Carson
Carson signing the Ulster Covenant

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A popular ditty of the time went:

“Sir Edward Carson had a cat,

It sat upon the fender

And every time it caught a rat,

It shouted, ‘No Surrender!’”

However as Home Rule became more and more inevitable, Carson accepted that a form of partition would be a solution. During the war, he served at various times as government as Attorney General, First Lord of the Admiralty and in the War Cabinet.

Following partition, he effectively returned to a legal life, but urged his Unionist colleagues to maintain equality for Northern Irish Catholics (something they totally ignored). “We used to say that we could not trust an Irish parliament in Dublin to do justice to the Protestant minority. Let us take care that that reproach can no longer be made against your parliament, and from the outset let them see that the Catholic minority have nothing to fear from a Protestant majority.”

READ: Bio of Edward Carson

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1962: JFK announces Cuba Blockade

Six days previously, national security advisor McGeorge Bundy had advised Kennedy that the Russians were building a missile base in Cuba and that”onstruction has begun on at least a half-dozen launching sites for intermediate range tactical missiles.”

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shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)