Posts tagged ‘northern ireland civil rights association’

June 19,

The Man Who Gave Us Boycott – Austin Currie Northern Ireland Activist at Today in Irish History

June 19: TODAY in Irish History:

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Charles Boycott 1832-1897

Charles Boycott 1832-1897

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1897: The Man who gave us “Boycott”

Charles Boycott 1832-1897

Charles Boycott 1832-1897

The man who gave the English language the word “boycott” dies in England. Charles Cunningham Boycott was an English landlord who was ostracized by his Irish neighbors and laborers after he attempted to evict a number of his tenants for non-payment of rent. The “boycott” was substantially instigated by Charles Stuart Parnell who on September 19, 1880 a few days prior to the action against Boycott, had suggested in a speech that unfit landlords should be shunned: “Shun him in the streets of the town, you must shun him in the shop, you must shun him in the fairgreen and in the marketplace, and even in the place of worship, by leaving him alone, by putting him in a moral Coventry, by isolating him from the rest of his country as if he were the leper of old, you must show your detestation of the crime he has committed”.

On October 14th 1880, Boycott wrote to the The Times of London about his situation in Ireland.

THE STATE OF IRELAND

Sir, The following detail may be interesting to your readers as exemplifying the power of the Land League. On the 22nd September a process-server, escorted by a police force of seventeen men, retreated to my house for protection, followed by a howling mob of people, who yelled and hooted at the members of my family. On the ensuing day, September 23rd, the people collected in crowds upon my farm, and some hundred or so came up to my house and ordered off, under threats of ulterior consequences, all my farm labourers, workmen, and stablemen, commanding them never to work for me again.

My herd has been frightened by them into giving up his employment, though he has refused to give up the house he held from me as part of his emolument. Another herd on an off farm has also been compelled to resign his situation. My blacksmith has received a letter threatening him with murder if he does any more work for me, and my laundress has also been ordered to give up my washing. A little boy, twelve years of age, who carried my post-bag to and from the neighbouring town of Ballinrobe, was struck and threatened on 27th September, and ordered to desist from his work; since which time I have sent my little nephew for my letters and even he, on 2nd October, was stopped on the road and threatened if he continued to act as my messenger.

The shopkeepers have been warned to stop all supplies to my house, and I have just received a message from the post mistress to say that the telegraph messenger was stopped and threatened on the road when bringing out a message to me and that she does not think it safe to send any telegrams which may come for me in the future for fear they should be abstracted and the messenger injured. My farm is public property; the people wander over it with impunity. My crops are trampled upon, carried away in quantities, and destroyed wholesale. The locks on my gates are smashed, the gates thrown open, the walls thrown down, and the stock driven out on the roads. I can get no workmen to do anything, and my ruin is openly avowed as the object of the Land League unless I throw up everything and leave the country. I say nothing about the danger to my own life, which is apparent to anybody who knows the country.

Boycott and his family (supported by Loyalist volunteers from the north of Ireland) were forced to bring in their own harvest (protected by a large police force) while being watched and jeered by tenants and local Irish. The boycott garnered national attention when the Captain wrote a letter to the London Times as to his situation.

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1968: Austin Currie – Northern Ireland Civil Rights Activist

Nationalist MP for Tyrone Austin Currie asks a question in Stormont, (Northern Ireland Parliament) that might well be seen as the pivotal moment in Civil Rights politics in Ireland and in some ways the forerunner to the troubles that bedevilled Northern Ireland for almost forty following years. Catholics in the North were subject to a level of employment and housing descrimination comparable to Jim Crow in the southern United States.

The moderate Currie asked about the allocation of a house to a nineteen-year-old unmarried Protestant woman who was secretary to a Unionist parliamentary candidate. A Catholic family who had squatted in the house was evicted to make room for her, and a number of other Catholic families in the area were also denied houses. The following day, Currie would squat in the house and the modern Civil Rights movement in Northern Ireland had its iconic moment.

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On YouTube CeadMileFailte has uploaded numerous clips from the excellent documentary The Troubles by Thames Television. This is one of 24 uploads.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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January 29,

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement – Bloody Sunday Inquiry – Pat Kenny at Today in Irish History

January 29: TODAY in Irish History:

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NI Civil Rights Activist

NI Civil Rights Activist

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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1948: Pat Kenny, Irish broadcaster is born.

Pat Kenny

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1967: Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association is founded. 

By any standards, the Catholic / Nationalist community had suffered government sponsored discrimination since the foundation of Northern Ireland. NICRA was formed to campaign for civil rights, partly inspired by the civil rights movement in the United States. One of the instigators of the movement was South African born Kadar Asmal, a lecturer in Trinity College Dublin, who would  have been deemed a second class citizen in his own country.

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Civil Rights Mural Derry

Civil Rights Mural Derry

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The core objectives of NICRA were:

1) One man, one vote*

2) End to gerrymandering. In Derry for instance, the local government constituencies had been manipulated to reduce the representation of the majority Catholic population

3) End discrimination in public housing. This became the catalyst for the growth in NICRA when in June 1968, Nationalist politician Austin Currie raised the case of a 19 year old single Protestant woman who was allocated a house in advance of numerous Catholic families with large families. The issue became a cause celebre, generating huge international attention and generated the first serious civil rights marches in Northern Ireland, some of which would result in terrror and death for participants.

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*One man, one vote: Astonishing as it may seem now, Northern Ireland did not offer universal suffrage at local elections.    Any person who did not own a home or pay rates was not entitled to vote in local council elections. (A large percentage of Catholics were not home owners.) Additionally, Northern Ireland allowed business owners (predominantly Protestant) to vote more than once in local elections. These voting regulations combined with a Loyalist oriented gerrymandered system ensured that in predominantly Nationalist Derry 8,800 Protestant votes returned 12 councillors, while 14,500 Catholic voters elected 8 councillors.

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1998: Enquiry into Bloody Sunday

Following extensive lobbying, British Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial enquiry, headed by Lord Saville, into the events of Bloody Sunday, January 30 1972 when 13 civilians were killed by British troops. The original enquiry conducted by Lord Widgery, where he exonerated the military of all blame was seen as a total whitewash by Nationalists and most independent observers (and later Lord Saville.)  Saville would not publish his damning report until 2010, concluding that British paratroopers fired the first shots without warning and that none of the victims were armed.

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Lord Saville Announcing Results Bloody Sunday

Lord Saville Announcing Results Bloody Sunday

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)