Posts tagged ‘treaty’

December 15,

Boer War, Irish Fight Irish – W.B. Yeats Nobel Prize – Treaty Debate Continues

December 15: TODAY in Irish History:

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Irish Brigade in the Boer War

Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1899: Irish fight Irish in Boer War

The American Civil War was not the only campaign where Irish fought Irish in foreign lands. During the Battle of Colenso (Second Boer War,) members of The Irish Transvaal Brigade under John MacBride fought British forces that included the 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. MacBride would be executed in 1916 as one of the leaders of the Easter Rising. MacBride’s son, Sean received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1974.

12,000 Boer troops defeated 16,000 troops of the British army.

Irish related regiments who fought at Colenso were

The 5th Irish Brigade (Major General Hart)

2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers: disbanded in 1922.

1st Inniskilling Fusiliers: disbanded in 1922.

1st Connaught Rangers: disbanded in 1922.

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Irish on Boer Side

Irish Transvaal Brigade who fought with Boers. Flag was reportedly provided by Maud Gonne.

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Dublin Fusiliers During Boer War

A memorial arch is dedicated at St. Stephens Green Dublin in honor of the Irish soldiers who died fighting for “King and country” in the Boer war. Thousands of Irish fought in the Boer War for the British Army.

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Memorial Arch Stephen's Green Dublin
Memorial Arch, St. Stephen’s Green Dublin

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READ: Dublin Fusiliers in Boer War

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1921: Collins’ Office Raided

In an extremely hostile environment over the Treaty debate, Michael Collins smell some dirty work and addresses the House:

“Mr. Speaker, there is just a little matter to which I would like to refer before anything else is said. It is this. My private office was raided last night and important books and documents were taken. Is there any member here who accepts responsibility for that raid?”

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1923: William Butler Yeats accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature.

His Nobel Lecture is a fascinating insight into the mind of early 20th century Ireland. Referencing Lady Gregory’s play,  he said “The Rising of the Moon could not be performed for two years because of political hostility. A policeman discovers an escaped Fenian prisoner and lets him free, because the prisoner has aroused with some old songs the half forgotten patriotism of his youth. The players would not perform it because they said it was an unpatriotic act to admit that a policeman was capable of patriotism. One well known leader of the mob wrote to me, ‘How can the Dublin mob be expected to fight the police if it looks upon them as capable of patriotism?’ ”

When Yeats suggested “that we would like to perform ‘foreign masterpieces’, a Nationalist newspaper declared that ‘a foreign masterpiece is a very dangerous thing’ !

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WB Yeats in For the Love of Being Irish

Illustration of W.B. Yeats in For the Love of Being Irish by author Conor Cunneen

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1993:  Joint Peace Declaration

Taoiseach Albert Reynolds and Prime Minister John Major sign a Joint Declaration of Peace at Downing Street. The agreement allowed for Loyalist and Republican paramilitaries to take part in formal negotiations if they abided by a three month ceasefire. While the declaration was another step to peace in Northern Ireland, it was denounced initially by both sides. It would be August 1994 before the IRA announced a ceasefire followed by loyalist forces in October. The ceasefires would not hold.

Joint Declaration of Peace Major and Reynolds
John Major and Albert Reynolds

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Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

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Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

   

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December 8,

Irish White House Architect – Horror of Irish Civil War

December 8: TODAY in Irish History:

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Snippets of Irish History by Conor Cunneen IrishmanSpeaks 

Conor is a Chicago based Motivational Humorous Business Speaker, Author and History buff.

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WATCH: A Short History of Ireland

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1831: James Hoban – Irish Born White House Archtect

On this day, Kilkenny born James Hoban, architect and designer of the White House dies. In the  JFK speech to Dail Eireann in 1963, President Kennedy paid tribute to Hoban:

“Features of this stately mansion (Dail Eireann) served to inspire similar features in the White House in Washington………. I know that the White House was designed by James Hoban, a noted Irish-American architect and I have no doubt that he believe by incorporating several features of the Dublin style he would make it more homelike for any President of Irish descent. It was a long wait, but I appreciate his efforts.”

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White House Drawing by Jame Hoban
White House Drawing by Jame Hoban

James Hoban, Irish born designer of White House

James Hoban

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READ:Profile of James Hoban

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1921: Contentious Cabinet Discussion on Treaty

Seven members of Dail Cabinet meet to discuss the Treaty. Minutes of the discussion state that

“(T)he following members declared in favour of recommending it to the Dáil: – A. Griffith, M. Collins, R. Barton, W. Cosgrave, K O’Higgins (no vote).

Mr Griffith would recommend document on basis of its merits – the remaining members on basis of signature.

The following declared against recommending Treaty to Dáil: President DeValera, Cathal Brugha and A. Stack.”

The stage was being set for a vicious Irish Civil War.

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READ FREE eBook: Detailed Correspondence on Treaty from The Royal Irish Academy’s Documents on Irish Foreign Policy series.

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1922: Executions, Corsican Vendetta and the Horror of Civil War

Just one year and two days after Ireland achieved a level of independence, four of the men who fought in the War of Independence against British forces are executed by Irish government edict. It was just one more horrible chapter in a vicious civil war fought between erstwhile friends. The anti-Treaty rebels executed in Mountjoy jail in reprisal for the assassination the previous day of pro-treaty TD Sean Hales were Liam Mellows, Rory O’Connor, Joe McKelvey and Richard Barrett. The men had been in custody for five months and had nothing to do with the killing of Hales. Even among pro-Treaty TDs the executions evoked horror. By any normal standards the four were simple prisoners of war. The government believed (it now seems incorrectly) that the killing of Hales was the start of an execution campaign against government ministers. In a desperate effort to stop such activity, the decision was taken to take vicious reprisal. Accused of vindictiveness by some of the Dail critics, Minister for Justice Kevin O’Higgins reacted with passion. “There was never an act done through personal vengeance, and never an act done through hot blood. We have no higher aim than to place the people of Ireland in the saddle in Ireland, and let them do their will, but we will not acquiesce in gun-bullying, and we will take very stern and drastic measures to stop it. Personal spite, great heavens! Vindictiveness! One of these men was a friend of mine.” Rory O’Connor was best man at O’Higgins’ wedding the previous year!

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READ: In an Irish Independent article, writer and playwright Ulick O’Connor provides interesting perspective on this piece of Irish history.
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Kevin O'Higgins best man at Rory O'Connor Wedding

De Valera, Kevin O’Higgins and Rory O’Connor at O’Higgin’s wedding

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READ: Dail Debate on Execution of Liam Mellows, Rory O’Connor, Joe McKelvey and Richard Barrett.

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READ: Kevin O’Higgins and Rory O’Connor

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NEW                    NEW

Product Details

SHEIFGAB! Staying Sane, Motivated and Productive in Job Search.

An insightful, realistic, yet humorous book on the job search process by Today in Irish History Curator Conor Cunneen

Special accessible price for job seekers on Kindle of $2.99

.

shamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrockshamrock

Want to learn more about Ireland? See these images and more in the acclaimed For the Love of Being Irish

Irish gift ideas. Best selling Irish booksRonnie Drew and Luke Kelly - Musical Irish Gifts to the worldJoyce Image in For the Love of Being IrishMichael Collins: Image from For the Love of Being Irish

___________________________________

This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humorist IrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaks to Laugh and Learn.

Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)