Archive for January 15th, 2012

January 15,

Act of Union 1800. Terence Bellew McManus

January 15: TODAY IN IRISH HISTORY (published by IrishmanSpeaks)

1754: Colonel Richard Martin is born in Galway. Martin was a politician and animal  rights activist who introduced the first animal cruelty legislation in  the UK and in 1824 was one of the founders of what went on to become the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

1800: Henry Grattan makes an impassioned plea in the Irish House of Commons against the Act of Union which was to see the dissolution of the Irish parliament and direct rule by England for the following 122 years.

Irish House of Commons in session

Irish House of Commons in session

1861: Death of Young Irelander Terence Bellew MacManus. Bellew was sentenced to death Oct 9th, 1848 for treason following the misbegotten Young Ireland Rebellion of 1848. This was commuted in 1849 and he was transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) in Australia. He escaped in 1852 and fled to the United States.

Terence Bellew McManus

Terence Bellew McManus

Terence Bellew McManus was one of a number of Irish rebels who were deported following the 1848 Young Ireland Rebellion. It was a very small scale poorly organized uprising which took place on 29 July 1848 in the village of Ballingarry, County Tipperary. McManus apparently never acclimated to life in exile in the United States and he died in poverty. His remains were returned to Ireland to a hero’s reception.

1920: Proportional Representation(PR) is used in Ireland for the first time in the local elections of 1920. PR differs from the widely used first past the post voting system in that it the general electorates vote is reasonably accurately represented in parliament and encouraged participation. In the 1921Northern Ireland general elections, not one candidate was returned unopposed. However, after Northern Ireland reverted to first past the post system, numerous seats were gained without a fight. In the 1933 general election, fought under the British system, only 19 of 52 seats were contested. Gerrymandered voting districts plus first past the post saw Unionists gain 36 of 52 seats in the election. this can be contrasted with the 1920 local elections when Sinn Fein won control of 10 of 12 urban councils. For further details on PR in Ireland.

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This history is written by Irish author, business keynote speaker and award winning humoristIrishmanSpeaks – Conor Cunneen. If you spot any inaccuracies or wish to make a comment, please don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment button.

Visit Conor’s YouTube channel IrishmanSpeaksto Laugh and Learn. Tags: Best Irish Gift, Creative Irish Gift, Unique Irish Gifts, Irish Books, Irish Authors, Today in Irish History